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The archaeology of early medieval violence: the mass grave at Budeč, Czech Republic

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Antiquity

Antiquity Publications

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      Abstract

      Abstract

      Widespread violence and military conflicts dominate many historical accounts of the Early Middle Ages in Europe, but archaeological evidence to corroborate such a picture has hitherto been scarce. Analysis of human remains from the Bohemian stronghold of Budeč offers a unique insight into one such event: a wave of violence that probably followed the removal of Duke Wenceslas from power by his brother Boleslav I in AD 935. A mass grave near the hillfort holds mainly male burials that show numerous injuries sustained from sword blows, testifying to the human cost of this disturbance and demonstrating the structure and reality of early medieval violence.

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      Skeletal age determination based on the os pubis: A comparison of the Acsádi-Nemeskéri and Suchey-Brooks methods

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        Dental wear in the Libben population: its functional pattern and role in the determination of adult skeletal age at death.

        Modal patterns of occlusal attrition are presented for the Libben population based on a sample of 332 adult dentitions. Maxillas and mandibles were reviewed independently by seriation prior to assessment of complete dentitions. The Spearman rank order coefficient for upper and lower dentitions was .96. Wear patterns are very similar to those reported by Murphy (1959a: Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 17:167-178) for Australian aborigines. There were no significant sexual differences in wear rate. Dental wear is concluded to be a highly reliable and important indicator of adult age at death for skeletal populations if seriation procedures are employed.
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          Reliability test of the visual assessment of cranial traits for sex determination

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            applab
            Antiquity
            Antiquity
            Antiquity Publications
            0003-598X
            1745-1744
            June 2016
            May 17 2016
            June 2016
            : 90
            : 351
            : 759-776
            10.15184/aqy.2016.29
            © 2016

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