Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found
      Is Open Access

      Quality of life related to complete denture Translated title: Qualidade de vida relacionada à protese total

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpen
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Full edentulism is characterized by the complete loss of permanent teeth, resulting in aesthetic, structural and functional changes which can negatively impact quality of life, and which are minimized through rehabilitation with complete dentures. The aim of this study was to compare oral health-related quality of life in patients with complete original dentures three months after installation of new dentures and two years after fabrication of new complete removable dentures. In this longitudinal comparative study, 15 volunteers of both genders, aged 50 to 82 years, who sought treatment at the Department of Dentistry of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, participated in the preparation of new dentures. The Brazilian version of the Oral Health Impact Profile for edentulous patients (OHIP-EDENT) was used to evaluate quality of life. Data analysis was performed descriptively and with hypothesis testing using the Friedman and Wilcoxon tests with 5% significance level. In relation to the OHIP-EDENT domains, there was a difference for chewing discomfort and inability to chew between baseline and two years. However, there was no difference between the evaluated periods in the areas ofpain and orofacial muscle discomfort, psychological inability and social disability. Improvement indicators in patient quality of life were observed in the area of discomfort and inability to chew between baseline and 2 years.

          Translated abstract

          O edentulismo completo caracteriza-se pela perda total dos dentes permanentes, resultando em alteraçoes estéticas, estruturais e funcionais, podendo impactar negativamente na qualidade de vida, sendo minimizado através da reabilitaçâo com a protese dentària. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde oral em pacientes com a protese original completamaxilar e mandibular, très meses após instalaçâo da nova protese e dois anos depois da confecçâo da nova protese total bimaxilar removível. Nesse estudo comparativo longitudinal, participaram 15 voluntàrios, com faixa etària entre 50 e 82 anos, de ambos os sexos, que buscaram tratamento no Departamento de Odontologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, para a confecçâo de novaspróteses. Utilizou-se a versâo brasileira do Oral Health Impact Profile para pacientes edêntulos (OHIP-EDENT) para avaliar a qualidade de vida. A análise dos dados foi realizada de forma descritiva e analítica com os testes de Friedman e Wilcoxon, com nivel de significância de 5%.Em relaçâo aos dominios do OHIP-EDENT, verificou-se diferença para desconforto e incapacidade mastigatória entre a avaliaçâo inicial e após dois anos. Nos dominios Dor e desconforto orofacial, Incapacidade Psicológica e Incapa-cidade Social, nâo ocorreram diferenças entre os períodos avaliados. Foram observados indicadores de melhora na qualidade de vida dos pacientes, no dominio desconforto e incapacidade mastigatória entre a avaliaçâo e a 2 anos.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 25

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Edentulism and comorbid factors.

           Henry Felton (2009)
          Complete edentulism is the terminal outcome of a multifactorial process involving biological factors and patient-related factors. It continues to represent a tremendous global health care burden, and will for the foreseeable future. The purpose of this review is to determine what comorbid factors exist for the completely edentulous patient. This literature review evaluated articles obtained via the National Library of Medicine's PubMed Website, using keywords of edentulism with various combinations of the terms comorbidity, incidence, health, nutrition, cancer, cardiovascular health, diabetes, osteoporosis, smoking, asthma, dementia, and rheumatoid arthritis. Abstracts were selected and screened, and selected full-text articles were reviewed. Articles were limited to those with adequate patient cohorts and a minimum of 2-year follow-up data. Edentulism was found to be a global issue, with estimates for an increasing demand for complete denture prostheses in the future. Completely edentulous patients were found to be at higher risk for poor nutrition, coronary artery plaque formation (odds ratio 2.32), to be smokers (odds ratio 2.42), to be asthmatic and edentulous in the maxillary arch (odds ratio 10.52), to being diabetic (odds ratio 1.82), to having rheumatoid arthritis (odds ratio 2.27), and to having certain cancers (odds ratios varying from 1.54 to 2.85, depending on the type of cancer). Chronic residual ridge resorption continues to be the primary intraoral complication of edentulation, and there appear to be few opportunities to reduce bone loss in the edentulous patient. While the completely edentulous patient seems to be at risk for multiple systemic disorders, whether development of these disorders is causal or casual has not been determined. To minimize the loss of residual alveolar ridges, exemplary complete denture therapy, along with the establishment of routine recall systems, should be the ultimate goal of treatment of this patient cohort.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            Nutritional status, dietary intake and oral quality of life in elderly complete denture wearers.

            The prevalence of malnutrition increases with age because of many factors. Edentulousness leads to the avoidance of many types of foods. The aim of this study was to determine whether elderly complete denture wearers have a higher risk of malnutrition than dentate controls. A Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and a 3-day dietary record were compiled for a group of fully dentates (21 women and 29 men; mean age 70.1 ± 6.1) and for a group of complete denture wearers (31 women and 16 men; mean age 70.1 ± 8.1). Socio-demographic data and scores on the General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) questionnaire were collected. Inter-group comparison of MNA scores showed that more subjects in the edentulous group (21.3%) risked malnutrition than in the dentate group (0%). The variability of the MNA could be explained for 22% by dental status, 7% by loneliness and 4% by the GOHAI score (regression analysis). Both groups had insufficient energy intakes and deficits in vitamins and micronutrients; moreover, edentulous subjects had lower intakes than dentate subjects. The use of conventional dentures increases the risk of malnutrition in the elderly. © 2011 The Gerodontology Society and John Wiley & Sons A/S.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              The World Health Organization quality of life assessment (WHOQOL) position paper from the World Health Organization

                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                aol
                Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana
                Acta odontol. latinoam.
                Sociedad Argentina de Investigación Odontológica (Buenos Aires, Ciudad Autonoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina )
                1852-4834
                August 2018
                : 31
                : 2
                : 3-10
                Affiliations
                orgnameUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte orgdiv1Departamento de Fonoaudiologia Brasil
                orgnameUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte Brasil
                orgnameUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte orgdiv1Departamento de Fonoaudiologia Brasil
                orgnameUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte orgdiv1Departamento de Psicologia Brasil
                orgnameUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte orgdiv1Departamento de Odontologia Brasil
                Article
                S1852-48342018000200003

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 26, Pages: 8
                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Argentina

                Comments

                Comment on this article