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      Association of FMF-Related (MEFV) Point Mutations with Secondary and FMF Amyloidosis

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          Abstract

          Background: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is the major cause of AA amyloidosis in Turkey. M694V mutation in MEFV gene was suggested to be associated with severe clinical features and amyloidosis of FMF. Methods: In this study, the frequencies of three FMF-related MEFV mutations (M694V, M680I and V726A) were investigated in FMF patients with (AA-FMF, n = 37) and without amyloidosis (non-AA-FMF, n = 35), in patients with secondary amyloidosis related to non-FMF inflammatory conditions (S-AA, n = 19) and in a non-inflammatory control group (n = 185) by molecular genetic studies using polymerase chain reaction with the ARMS (amplification refractory mutation system) method. Results: Both AA and non-AA-FMF patients had significantly higher MEFV mutations compared to non-inflammatory controls (81 and 62.7% respectively vs. 4.2%, p = 0.0001). AA-FMF patients carried significantly more MEFV mutations than non-AA-FMF patients (p = 0.01). M694V was the most common mutation in both FMF groups (63.5 vs. 51.4%), however allele frequency (p = 0.17) and the number of homoyzgous patients for this mutation did not differ between the groups (p = 0.77). Although lower compared to FMF patients, S-AA patients also had a significantly higher incidence of MEFV mutations than non-inflammatory controls (21 vs. 4.2%) (p = 0.0002). M694V was the only MEFV mutation in this group. Conclusion: MEFV mutations are found to be increased both in FMF and non-FMF associated secondary amyloidosis in our study; however, no clear association between M694V and amyloidosis is observed, except in the non-FMF group. Our results suggest that MEVF mutations may also serve as a severity marker for other inflammatory conditions.

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          Most cited references 5

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          Ancient Missense Mutations in a New Member of the RoRet Gene Family Are Likely to Cause Familial Mediterranean Fever

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            Phenotype-genotype correlation in Jewish patients suffering from familial Mediterranean fever (FMF).

            Familial Mediterranean Fever is one of the most frequent recessive disease in non-Ashkenazi Jews. The gene responsible for the disease (MEFV) has very recently been identified. The M694V ('MED') mutation was found in about 80% of the FMF Jewish (Iraqi and North African) chromosomes. To see if the presence of this mutation could be correlated with particular traits of the disease, we examined a number of clinical features in a panel of 109 Jewish FMF patients with 0, 1 or 2 MED mutations. We showed that homozygosity for this mutation was significantly associated with a more severe form of the disease. In homozygous patients, the disease started earlier (mean age 6.4 +/- 5 vs 13.6 +/- 8.9) and both arthritis and pleuritis were twice as frequent as in patients with one or no M694V mutation. Moreover, 3/3 patients with amyloidosis displayed two MED mutations. No association was found with fever, peritonitis, response to colchicine and erysipeloid eruption. The present result strongly suggests the potential prognostic value of the presence of this mutation.
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              A novel single-nucleotide polymorphism at the 5'-flanking region of SAA1 associated with risk of type AA amyloidosis secondary to rheumatoid arthritis.

              To address whether the gamma haplotype at exon 3 of the SAA1 gene is directly associated with type AA amyloidosis or is merely in linkage with an unknown polymorphism that is primarily associated with disease risk, we examined the SAA1 gene for new polymorphisms. We analyzed DNA samples from 44 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with AA amyloidosis (amyloid group), 55 RA patients without AA amyloidosis (RA group), and 58 non-RA healthy subjects (non-RA group). We also examined DNA samples from 50 Caucasians to compare linkage disequilibrium relationships involving SAA1 region polymorphisms between Japanese and Caucasoid populations. We observed 3 novel single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the 5'-flanking region of SAA1: -61C/G, -13T/C, and -2G/A. Comparison of allele frequencies and ratios of individuals with particular alleles between the study groups revealed statistically significant differences between the amyloid and RA groups and between the amyloid and non-RA groups. Statistical analysis revealed that the -13T/C SNP was strongly associated with AA amyloidosis. In addition, we found tight linkage between the -13T allele and the alpha haplotype, rather than the beta haplotype, at exon 3 in the Caucasoid population, while -13T was closely linked to the gamma and beta haplotypes, rather than the alpha haplotype, in the Japanese population. Since the linkage disequilibrium relationship was reversed between the Japanese and Caucasoid populations, different exon 3 haplotypes of SAA1 are found to be associated with the risk of AA amyloidosis in different ethnic groups. Our data suggest that the SAA1 -13T allele, rather than SAA1 exon 3 haplotypes, is primarily associated with AA amyloidosis risk.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEC
                Nephron Clin Pract
                10.1159/issn.1660-2110
                Nephron Clinical Practice
                S. Karger AG
                1660-2110
                2004
                April 2004
                17 November 2004
                : 96
                : 4
                : c131-c135
                Affiliations
                Departments of aRheumatology and bNephrology, Marmara University School of Medicine, and cSSK Göztepe Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
                Article
                77375 Nephron Clin Pract 2004;96:c131–c135
                10.1159/000077375
                15122067
                © 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Tables: 3, References: 28, Pages: 1
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/77375
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