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Mus81-Eme1-dependent and -independent crossovers form in mitotic cells during double-strand break repair in Schizosaccharomyces pombe.

Molecular and Cellular Biology

Adenosine Triphosphatases, genetics, metabolism, Crossing Over, Genetic, DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded, DNA Helicases, DNA Repair, DNA Topoisomerases, Type I, DNA-Binding Proteins, Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field, Endonucleases, Gene Conversion, Mitosis, physiology, Rad51 Recombinase, Schizosaccharomyces, cytology, Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins

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      Abstract

      During meiosis, double-strand breaks (DSBs) lead to crossovers, thought to arise from the resolution of double Holliday junctions (HJs) by an HJ resolvase. In Schizosaccharomyces pombe, meiotic crossovers are produced primarily through a mechanism requiring the Mus81-Eme1 endonuclease complex. Less is known about the processes that produces crossovers during the repair of DSBs in mitotic cells. We employed an inducible DSB system to determine the role of Rqh1-Top3 and Mus81-Eme1 in mitotic DSB repair and crossover formation in S. pombe. In agreement with the meiotic data, crossovers are suppressed in cells lacking Mus81-Eme1. And relative to the wild type, rqh1Delta cells show a fourfold increase in crossover frequency. This suppression of crossover formation by Rqh1 is dependent on its helicase activity. We found that the synthetic lethality of cells lacking both Rqh1 and Eme1 is suppressed by loss of swi5(+), which allowed us to show that the excess crossovers formed in an rqh1Delta background are independent of Mus81-Eme1. This result suggests that a second process for crossover formation exists in S. pombe and is consistent with our finding that deletion of swi5(+) restored meiotic crossovers in eme1Delta cells. Evidence suggesting that Rqh1 also acts downstream of Swi5 in crossover formation was uncovered in these studies. Our results suggest that during Rhp51-dependent repair of DSBs, Rqh1-Top3 suppresses crossovers in the Rhp57-dependent pathway while Mus81-Eme1 and possibly Rqh1 promote crossovers in the Swi5-dependent pathway.

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      Journal
      10.1128/MCB.01596-06
      1900003
      17353272

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