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      If you cannot agree, move on! On labels and non-nominative subjects

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          Abstract

          This paper examines the predictions of Chomsky’s ( 2013; 2015) Labeling Algorithm for structures with non-nominative, non-agreeing elements in what looks like a subject position: since such non-nominative subjects do not agree with the verb, the resulting structure cannot be labeled through feature sharing. Thus, the only option for such subjects is to move from [Spec, TP] or never land there. We argue for the latter option, motivating it for PPs in Polish locative inversion, instrumental DPs in Polish predicate inversion, dative subjects in Russian and Polish, genitive subjects in Lithuanian Inferential Evidentials, and accusative DPs in Russian and Polish Adversity Impersonals. We conclude by showing that under certain very restricted circumstances (i.e. when partial Agree takes place or Agree for structural case holds but Agree for phi-features is attempted and fails for independent reasons), the non-nominative elements can remain in [Spec, TP].

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              The minimalist program

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                2397-1835
                Glossa: a journal of general linguistics
                Ubiquity Press
                2397-1835
                23 February 2018
                2018
                : 3
                : 1
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Linguistics, University of Washington, Box 352425, Seattle, WA 98195-2425, US
                [2 ]Faculty of English, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Wieniawskiego 1, 61-712 Poznań, PL
                Article
                10.5334/gjgl.399
                4f7c98a7-8a6b-4a44-a378-b69031343525
                Copyright: © 2018 The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

                Categories
                Research

                General linguistics,Linguistics & Semiotics
                evidentials,locative inversion,non-nominative subjects,Adversity Impersonals,predicate inversion,labeling algorithm,dative subjects

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