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      Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Translated title: Catálogo de las plantas vasculares nativas de México

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          Abstract: An updated inventory of the native vascular plants of Mexico records 23,314 species, distributed in 2,854 genera, 297 families, and 73 orders. The flora includes 1,039 species of ferns and lycophytes, 149 gymnosperms, and 22,126 angiosperms. On average, the number of synonyms per species is 1.3 (mode = 1). The number of species places Mexico as the country with the fourth largest floristic richness in the world, although among the non-insular countries, by its number of endemic species (about 50%) is second only surpassed by South Africa. The species distribution among higher taxonomic categories, and the richness and endemism values in the 32 states of Mexico are discussed. This compilation allows us to assess the flora's contribution to the overall Mexican biodiversity.

          Translated abstract

          Resumen: Un inventario actualizado de plantas vasculares nativas de México registra 23,314 especies, distribuidas en 2,854 géneros, 297 familias y 73 órdenes. La flora incluye 1,039 especies de helechos y licofitas, 149 gimnospermas y 22,126 angiospermas. En promedio se registran 1.3 sinónimos por cada nombre aceptado (moda = 1). Por su número de especies, México ocupa el cuarto lugar a nivel mundial; entre los países continentales ocupa el segundo por el número de especies endémicas (alrededor del 50%), sólo por debajo de Sudáfrica. Se discute la distribución taxonómica de las especies entre las distintas categorías taxonómicas superiores, así como los valores de riqueza y endemicidad entre los 32 estados del país. Esta recopilación permite evaluar la contribución de la flora a la biodiversidad de México.

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          Most cited references 36

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          New developments in museum-based informatics and applications in biodiversity analysis.

          Information from natural history collections (NHCs) about the diversity, taxonomy and historical distributions of species worldwide is becoming increasingly available over the Internet. In light of this relatively new and rapidly increasing resource, we critically review its utility and limitations for addressing a diverse array of applications. When integrated with spatial environmental data, NHC data can be used to study a broad range of topics, from aspects of ecological and evolutionary theory, to applications in conservation, agriculture and human health. There are challenges inherent to using NHC data, such as taxonomic inaccuracies and biases in the spatial coverage of data, which require consideration. Promising research frontiers include the integration of NHC data with information from comparative genomics and phylogenetics, and stronger connections between the environmental analysis of NHC data and experimental and field-based tests of hypotheses.
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            Diversidad y orígenes de la flora fanerogámica de México

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              Norma Oficial Mexicana NOM-059-SEMARNAT-2010. Protección ambiental - Especies nativas de México de flora y fauna silvestres - Categorías y especificaciones para su inclusión, exclusión o cambio - Lista de especies en riesgo


                Author and article information

                Role: ND
                Revista mexicana de biodiversidad
                Rev. Mex. Biodiv.
                Instituto de Biología (México, DF, Mexico )
                September 2016
                : 87
                : 3
                : 559-902
                Ciudad de México orgnameUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México orgdiv1Instituto de Biología orgdiv2Departamento de Botánica Mexico

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 39, Pages: 344
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