0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Influence of TH1/TH2 Switched Immune Response on Renal Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Background/Aims: Recent evidence shows a critical role of the CD4+ T cell with the Th1/Th2 paradigm as a possible effector mechanism in ischemia and reperfusion injury. We hypothesize that a polarized Th1 activation response may negatively influence the renal IRI through its relationship with chemokine production (MCP-1) and with a protective tissue response (HO-1). Methods: We subjected mice to renal ischemia for 45 min using IL-4 and IL-12 knockout C57BL/6. We then measured serum urea levels, performed histomorphometric analysis for tubular necrosis and regeneration, and evaluated the mRNA expression of HO-1, t-bet, Gata-3 and MCP-1 by real-time PCR at 24, 48 and 120 h after surgery. Results/Conclusions: The IL-4 knockout mice had a statistically significant rise in serum urea levels post IRI compared with control animals. The IL-12-deficient mice were not affected. The IL-4-deficient mice had a statistically significant increase in tubular injury and impairment in cell regeneration. The IRI in IL-4-deficient mice was accompanied by higher levels of HO-1, t-bet and later up-regulation of MCP-1. These findings suggest that the deleterious effects of the Th1 cell involve increased production of chemokines such as MCP-1.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 34

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Ischemic acute renal failure: an inflammatory disease?

          Inflammation plays a major role in the pathophysiology of acute renal failure resulting from ischemia. In this review, we discuss the contribution of endothelial and epithelial cells and leukocytes to this inflammatory response. The roles of cytokines/chemokines in the injury and recovery phase are reviewed. The ability of the mouse kidney to be protected by prior exposure to ischemia or urinary tract obstruction is discussed as a potential model to emulate as we search for pharmacologic agents that will serve to protect the kidney against injury. Understanding the inflammatory response prevalent in ischemic kidney injury will facilitate identification of molecular targets for therapeutic intervention.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            Heme oxygenase-1 expression inhibits dendritic cell maturation and proinflammatory function but conserves IL-10 expression.

            Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an intracellular enzyme that degrades heme and inhibits immune responses and inflammation in vivo. In most cell types, HO-1 is inducible by inflammatory stimuli and oxidative stress. Here we demonstrate that human monocyte-derived immature dendritic cells (iDCs) and several but not all freshly isolated rat splenic DC subsets and rat bone marrow-derived iDCs, spontaneously express HO-1. HO-1 expression drastically decreases during human and rat DC maturation induced in vitro. In human tissues, iDCs also express HO-1, whereas mature DCs do not. Induction of HO-1 expression with cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP) in human and rat DCs inhibits lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced phenotypic maturation and secretion of proinflammatory cytokines, resulting in the inhibition of alloreactive T-cell proliferation. CoPP-treated DCs, however, retain the ability to produce the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin 10 (IL-10). Reactive oxygen species induced by LPS in DCs were inhibited by induction of HO-1. In conclusion, we identify, for the first time, the capacity of HO-1 to block maturation of DCs and to inhibit proinflammatory and allogeneic immune responses while preserving IL-10 production. This novel immune function for HO-1 may be of interest for the inhibition of immune responses in autoimmune diseases, transplantation, and other conditions involving activation of the immune system.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Inflammatory cells in ischemic acute renal failure.

              Ischemic acute renal failure (ARF) is increasingly recognized as involving a complex cascade of mechanisms with both acute and chronic consequences. Attention to nontraditional mediators of ARF such as inflammatory pathways and microvascular events has yielded new paradigms and avenues of research. The initiation phase of renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury damage involves microvascular hemodynamic changes characterized by red blood cell sludging with platelets and leukocytes. Blocking leukocyte-endothelial interactions has yielded significant protection from renal I/R injury in experimental models. However, experiments focusing on the role of the neutrophil have led to a modest expectation of its role in ARF. Recent studies have found that T cells directly mediate renal injury in experimental I/R injury. The CD4+ T cell, working both via interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and costimulatory molecules appears to be an important modulator of ARF. The B cell has recently been implicated in ARF. Little is known about the role for the macrophage. Finally, resident kidney cells likely contribute to the inflammatory pathogenesis of I/R damage and protection/repair, but how, and to what extent they are involved is not known. New tools to modulate inflammatory cells, particularly mononuclear leukocytes, hold promise for clinical trials in ARF.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEE
                Nephron Exp Nephrol
                10.1159/issn.1660-2129
                Cardiorenal Medicine
                S. Karger AG
                1660-2129
                2006
                August 2006
                02 June 2006
                : 104
                : 1
                : e48-e56
                Affiliations
                aLaboratório de Imunologia Clínica e Experimental, Division of Nephrology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina, São Paulo, bDepartment of Pathology, Universidade Federal do Triangulo Mineiro, Uberaba, and cDivision of Nephrology, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, and dDepartment of Immunology, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
                Article
                93676 Nephron Exp Nephrol 2006;104:e48–e56
                10.1159/000093676
                16741373
                © 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                References: 53, Pages: 1
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/93676
                Categories
                Minireview

                Comments

                Comment on this article