Vilmar Paiva Marques a, b , Giselle Martins Gonçalves a , Carla Quarin Feitoza a , Marcos Antonio Cenedeze a , Ana Paula Fernandes Bertocchi a , Marcio Jose Damião a , Helady Sanders Pinheiro c , Vicente Paula Antunes Teixeira b , Marlene Antônia dos Reis b , Alvaro Pacheco-Silva a , Niels Olsen Saraiva Câmara a, d
02 June 2006
Background/Aims: Recent evidence shows a critical role of the CD4+ T cell with the Th1/Th2 paradigm as a possible effector mechanism in ischemia and reperfusion injury. We hypothesize that a polarized Th1 activation response may negatively influence the renal IRI through its relationship with chemokine production (MCP-1) and with a protective tissue response (HO-1). Methods: We subjected mice to renal ischemia for 45 min using IL-4 and IL-12 knockout C57BL/6. We then measured serum urea levels, performed histomorphometric analysis for tubular necrosis and regeneration, and evaluated the mRNA expression of HO-1, t-bet, Gata-3 and MCP-1 by real-time PCR at 24, 48 and 120 h after surgery. Results/Conclusions: The IL-4 knockout mice had a statistically significant rise in serum urea levels post IRI compared with control animals. The IL-12-deficient mice were not affected. The IL-4-deficient mice had a statistically significant increase in tubular injury and impairment in cell regeneration. The IRI in IL-4-deficient mice was accompanied by higher levels of HO-1, t-bet and later up-regulation of MCP-1. These findings suggest that the deleterious effects of the Th1 cell involve increased production of chemokines such as MCP-1.