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      Carbonaceous sulfur hydride system: the strong-coupled room-temperature superconductor with a low value of Ginzburg-Landau parameter

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          Abstract

          The superconducting state in Carbonaceous Sulfur Hydride (C-S-H) system is characterized by the record-high critical temperature of \(288\)~K experimentally observed at \(\sim\)267 GPa. Herein, we determined the properties of the \mbox{C-S-H} superconducting phase within the scope of both classical Eliashberg equations (CEE) and the Eliashberg equations with vertex corrections (VCEE). We took into account the scenarios pertinent to either the intermediate or the high value of electron-phonon coupling constant (\(\lambda\sim 0.75\) or \(\lambda\sim 3.3\), respectively). The scenario for the intermediate value, however, cannot be actually realized due to the anomally high value of logarithmic phonon frequency (\(\omega_{\rm ln}/k_{B}=7150\)~K) it would require. On the other hand, we found it possible to reproduce correctly the value of \(T_{C}\) and other thermodynamic quantities in the case of strong coupling. However, the vertex corrections lower the order parameter values within the range from \(\sim 50\)~K to \(\sim275\)~K. For the upper critical field \(H_{C2}\sim 27\)~T, the Ginzburg-Landau parameter \(\kappa\) is of the order of \(1.7\). This correlates well with the sharp drop of resistance observed by Hirsch and Marsiglio at the critical temperature. The strong-coupling scenario for C-S-H system is also suggested by the high values of \(\lambda\) estimated for \({\rm H_{3}S}\) (\(\lambda\sim 2.1\), \(\kappa\sim 1.5\)), \({\rm LaH_{10}}\) (\(\lambda\sim 2.8\)-\(3.9\), \(\kappa\sim 1.6\)), and \({\rm YH_{6}}\) (\(\lambda\sim 1.7\), \(\kappa\sim 1.3\)) compounds.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          12 May 2021
          Article
          2105.05463

          http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

          Custom metadata
          4 pages
          cond-mat.supr-con

          Condensed matter

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