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      Decoherence in Josephson vortex quantum bits

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          Abstract

          We investigated decoherence of a Josephson vortex quantum bit (qubit) in dissipative and noisy environment. As the Josephson vortex qubit (JVQ) is fabricated by using a long Josephson junction (LJJ), we use the perturbed sine-Gordon equation to describe the phase dynamics representing a two-state system and estimate the effects of quasiparticle dissipation and weakly fluctuating critical and bias currents on the relaxation time T_1 and on the dephasing time T_\phi. We show that the critical current fluctuation does not contribute to dephasing of the qubit in the lowest order approximation. Modeling the weak current variation from magnetic field fluctuations in the LJJ by using the Gaussian colored noise with long correlation time, we show that the coherence time T_2 is limited by the low frequency current noise at very low temperatures. Also, we show that an ultra-long coherence time may be obtained from the JVQ by using experimentally accessible value of physical parameters.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          18 April 2006
          Article
          10.1016/j.physc.2007.03.143
          cond-mat/0604431
          50e2e064-1e5e-4638-83e9-87e93f65b948
          History
          Custom metadata
          13 pages,8 figures,to be appeared in Phys.Rev.B
          cond-mat.supr-con

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