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      Differentiation of Calcium Activation Mechanisms in Vascular Smooth Muscle by Selective Suppression with Verapamil and D 600

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          Abstract

          Mechanical activity of the isolated portal vein and thoracic aorta of the guinea-pig was recorded and the effects of verapamil and D 600 (methoxy-verapamü) on the dose-response curves to noradrenaline were measured. Extracellular electrical activity in portal vein was also sometimes recorded. Two calcium activation mechanisms could be differentiated: a ‘spike activation mechanism’ (SAM) inhibited by verapamil and D 600, and a ‘spike-free activation mechanism’ (SFAM) resistant to these antagonists in their specific concentration range (up to 10<sup>–5</sup> mol/l). In portal vein, both mechanisms were similarly dependent on extracellular calcium, indicating a D 600-resistant system for transmembrane calcium fluxes. The response of portal vein to increased potassium concentration was also tested. Species differences and differences in the specificity of various calcium antagonistic drugs complicate the picture of calcium antagonism in vascular smooth muscle.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1975
          1975
          18 September 2008
          : 12
          : 1
          : 21-37
          Affiliations
          Department of Physiology, University of Marburg/Lahn, Marburg/Lahn
          Article
          158036 Blood Vessels 1975;12:21–37
          10.1159/000158036
          © 1975 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Pages: 17
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