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      Two Sides of Workplace Interactions: How Appreciation and Social Stressors Shape the Relationship Between Job Insecurity and Well-Being


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          Job insecurity has frequently been shown to have a dysfunctional impact on well-being. Based on the conservation of resources (COR) theory, the aim of this study was to investigate how the experience of appreciation at the workplace and the occurrence of social stressors shape the relationship between job insecurity and three indicators of well-being: (a) job satisfaction, (b) (emotional) irritation, and (c) engagement (dedication to the job). In an online study with 117 psychologists, we found that appreciation buffered the relationship between job insecurity and irritation. Social stressors further qualified the moderating effect of appreciation on job satisfaction and dedication, but not fully in the proposed direction. Theoretical implications about the role of more or less social contacts at work (reflected in the experience of appreciation as well as social stressors) when dealing with job insecurity will be discussed.

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          Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies.

          Interest in the problem of method biases has a long history in the behavioral sciences. Despite this, a comprehensive summary of the potential sources of method biases and how to control for them does not exist. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to examine the extent to which method biases influence behavioral research results, identify potential sources of method biases, discuss the cognitive processes through which method biases influence responses to measures, evaluate the many different procedural and statistical techniques that can be used to control method biases, and provide recommendations for how to select appropriate procedural and statistical remedies for different types of research settings.
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            The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations.

            In this article, we attempt to distinguish between the properties of moderator and mediator variables at a number of levels. First, we seek to make theorists and researchers aware of the importance of not using the terms moderator and mediator interchangeably by carefully elaborating, both conceptually and strategically, the many ways in which moderators and mediators differ. We then go beyond this largely pedagogical function and delineate the conceptual and strategic implications of making use of such distinctions with regard to a wide range of phenomena, including control and stress, attitudes, and personality traits. We also provide a specific compendium of analytic procedures appropriate for making the most effective use of the moderator and mediator distinction, both separately and in terms of a broader causal system that includes both moderators and mediators.
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              Conservation of resources: A new attempt at conceptualizing stress.


                Author and article information

                Eur J Psychol
                Eur J Psychol
                Europe's Journal of Psychology
                August 2020
                31 August 2020
                : 16
                : 3
                : 458-478
                [a ]Department of Psychology, University of Concepción , Concepción, Chile
                [b ]Department of Work and Organizational Psychology, Philipps University of Marburg , Marburg, Germany
                [3]University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia
                Author notes
                [* ]University of Concepción, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Barrio Universitario S/N, Concepción, 4030000, Chile. Phone: +56 41 220-3950, mauriciogarrido@ 123456udec.cl

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) 4.0 License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                : 18 June 2019
                : 02 December 2019
                Research Reports

                job insecurity,appreciation,social stressors,resources,professionals,well-being


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