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Diferentes Perspectivas na Análise da Interação Pais-Bebê/Criança Translated title: Different Perspectives on the Parent-Infant/Child Interaction Analysis

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      Abstract

      Estudar a correspondência entre diferentes níveis de análise da interação pais-bebê/criança pode nos ajudar a chegar a uma linguagem mais comum e a compartilhar conceitos que permitam trocas mais frutíferas entre pesquisadores com diferentes orientações teóricas e metodológicas. Os autores do presente artigo representam alguns dos principais grupos de pesquisa brasileiros voltados à investigação da interação pais-bebê/criança. São apresentadas as diferentes perspectivas dos autores e discutidas as suas aproximações e diferenças, visando a demonstrar a complexidade e a diversidade de abordagens com relação às interações pais-bebê/criança e seu papel no desenvolvimento. Embora a definição de interação não seja consensual, verifica-se uma tendência entre os autores a considerar explicitamente a questão da ação recíproca, da co-construção e da bidirecionalidade. Não obstante o foco no comportamento manifesto e na ação recíproca existe também consciência de que as transações implícitas e as representações individuais e sociais influenciam a interação, e que há que se desenvolver procedimentos metodológicos rigorosos para estudá-las. Espera-se que a continuidade das discussões leve ao aprimoramento e à articulação das diversas propostas aqui apresentadas.

      Translated abstract

      The study of corresponding levels of analysis in the parent-infant/child interaction may lead us to a common language and shared concepts, that in turn will hopefully aid in the prolific exchanges among researchers from various theoretical and methodological backgrounds. The authors of this article represent some of the most prominent research teams of Brazil engaged in the study of parent-infant/child interaction. Their various perspectives are presented, as are their points of agreement and disagreement, with the purpose of demonstrating both the complexity and the diversity of approaches to the parent-infant/child interactions and their role in development. Although there is no consensual definition of interaction, there is a tendency of the authors to consider the question of reciprocal actions, co-construction, and bidirectionality. Granting that there is a trend to focus on manifested behavior and interaction, there is also a clear awareness that implicit transactions and social representations must be studied through rigorous methodological procedures, insofar as they influence interactions. It is hoped that, as these discussions progress, the ideas proposed herein will be both improved and better disseminated.

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      Most cited references 94

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      Emotions and emotional communication in infants.

       E Tronick (1989)
      Important advances have recently been made in studying emotions in infants and the nature of emotional communication between infants and adults. Infant emotions and emotional communications are far more organized than previously thought. Infants display a variety of discrete affective expressions that are appropriate to the nature of events and their context. They also appreciate the emotional meaning of the affective displays of caretakers. The emotional expressions of the infant and the caretaker function to allow them to mutually regulate their interactions. Indeed, it appears that a major determinant of children's development is related to the operation of this communication system. Positive development may be associated with the experience of coordinated interactions characterized by frequent reparations of interactive errors and the transformation of negative affect into positive affect, whereas negative development appears to be associated with sustained periods of interactive failure and negative affect.
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        Novo dicionário da língua portuguesa

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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ] CNPq
            [2 ] Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Brazil
            [3 ] CNPq
            [4 ] Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro Brazil
            [5 ] Associação Nacional de Pesquisa e Pós Graduação em Psicologia
            [6 ] Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro Brazil
            [7 ] Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Brazil
            [8 ] Malone College E.U.A.
            [9 ] Universidade de São Paulo
            [10 ] Universidade Luterana do Brasil
            [11 ] Universidade Federal Fluminense Brazil
            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Journal
            prc
            Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
            Psicol. Reflex. Crit.
            Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (Porto Alegre )
            0102-7972
            2001
            : 14
            : 3
            : 469-485
            S0102-79722001000300004
            10.1590/S0102-79722001000300004

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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            Product Information: SciELO Brazil

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