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      Increased Resting-State Gamma-Band Connectivity in First-Episode Schizophrenia.

      Schizophrenia Bulletin

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          Schizophrenia has long been suggested to represent a disorder with prominent neural dysconnectivity. Gamma-band oscillations are highly relevant in this context, due both to their proposed involvement in neuronal synchronization and to their association with neurotransmitter systems relevant for schizophrenia. Several task-related studies have confirmed reduced power and synchronization of gamma-band oscillations in schizophrenia, but it has been suggested that these findings might not apply to the resting state. The present study aimed to investigate resting-state gamma-band connectivity in patients with schizophrenia. Sixty-four channel resting-state electroencephalography (eyes closed) was recorded in 22 patients with first-episode schizophrenia and 22 healthy controls matched for age and gender. Orthogonalized power envelope correlation was used as a measure of connectivity across 80 cortical regions at 40 Hz. Mean connectivity at each region was compared across groups using the nonparametric randomization approach. Additionally, the network-based statistic was applied to identify affected networks in patients. Patients displayed increased mean functional gamma-band connectivity compared to controls in the left rolandic operculum. Network-based analyses indicated increased connectivity in patients within a strongly lateralized network consisting mainly of left inferior frontal/orbitofrontal, lateral and medial temporal, and inferior parietal areas. Within this network, gamma-band connectivity was higher in patients with low positive and disorganization symptom levels. The present study provides a link between resting-state gamma-band connectivity and the core symptoms of schizophrenia. The observed findings are different than those reported by task-related studies, suggesting that resting-state studies might reveal new aspects in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Maryland Psychiatric Research Center. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

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