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      Human Growth Hormone but Not Insulin-Like Growth Factor I Positively Affects Whole-Body Estimates of Protein Metabolism

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          Abstract

          Human growth hormone (rhGH) increases estimates of whole-body protein synthesis, but has little effect on rates of proteolysis in both the postabsorptive state and during meal absorption. In addition, rhGH stimulates protein synthesis in skeletal muscle tissue. In contrast, insulin decreases estimates of whole-body and forearm proteolysis while decreasing or, in the presence of infused (or ingested) amino acids, sustaining estimates of protein synthesis. Using high-dose prednisone as a controlled model for protein catabolism in normal volunteers, high-dose rhGH together with prednisone prevents the protein catabolic effects of prednisone alone. GH is thought to mediate its effects via the generation of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I). However, high rates of infusion of rhIGF-I induce hypoglycemia and decrease estimates of whole body proteolysis, suggestive of a predominant insulin-like effect. When rhIGF-I is infused at a rate that achieves plasma IGF-I concentrations similar to those observed during rhGH treatment and yet avoids hypoglycemia, estimates of proteolysis and protein synthesis were not affected in the absence or presence of prednisone treatment. Thus, the mechanism of action of rhGH on body protein metabolism remains to be elucidated. However, rhGH alone or in combination with rhIGF-I may provide a new management strategy in a variety of protein catabolic conditions in humans.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5742-9
          978-3-318-01970-4
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1992
          1992
          03 December 2008
          : 38
          : Suppl 1
          : 73-75
          Affiliations
          Nemours Children’s Clinic, Jacksonville, Fla., USA, and Medizinische Universitäts-Poliklinik, Inselspital Bern, Switzerland
          Article
          182574 Horm Res 1992;38:73–75
          10.1159/000182574
          1295817
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 3
          Categories
          The Third hGH Symposium Sorrento 1992

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