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      A Multidisciplinary Focus Review of Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Operating Room Personnel

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          Musculoskeletal disorder is one of the major health issues and is recognized as the second most common occupational disease. The aim of the present study was to investigate the different aspects of musculoskeletal disorders in operating room personnel. The present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of MSDs among operating room personnel, in January 2020. In this study, the authors explored 30 articles from five databases including Medline/PubMed, ProQuest, Scopus, Embase, and Google Scholar. The present study found that physical, psychological, and demographic characteristics including age, gender, work experience, and smoking were the most important risk factors for these disorders. Musculoskeletal disorders were also prevalent in different areas of the body, with the highest prevalence being in the lumbar region. In addition, regular exercise and physical activity, the use of stretching and gentle exercise to reduce physical pressure, regard to the principles of ergonomics in the workplace, regular physical examinations, and awareness of the risk factors for these disorders. Therefore, operating room officials need to promote operating room programs focused on reducing musculoskeletal disorders and increase the awareness of the personnel about the risk factors by conducting training courses.

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          Most cited references 67

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          'Global trigger tool' shows that adverse events in hospitals may be ten times greater than previously measured.

          Identification and measurement of adverse medical events is central to patient safety, forming a foundation for accountability, prioritizing problems to work on, generating ideas for safer care, and testing which interventions work. We compared three methods to detect adverse events in hospitalized patients, using the same patient sample set from three leading hospitals. We found that the adverse event detection methods commonly used to track patient safety in the United States today-voluntary reporting and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Patient Safety Indicators-fared very poorly compared to other methods and missed 90 percent of the adverse events. The Institute for Healthcare Improvement's Global Trigger Tool found at least ten times more confirmed, serious events than these other methods. Overall, adverse events occurred in one-third of hospital admissions. Reliance on voluntary reporting and the Patient Safety Indicators could produce misleading conclusions about the current safety of care in the US health care system and misdirect efforts to improve patient safety.
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            The need to address the burden of musculoskeletal conditions.

            Musculoskeletal conditions are common in men and women of all ages across all socio-demographic strata of society. They are the most common cause of severe long-term pain and physical disability and affect hundreds of millions of people around the world. They impact on all aspects of life through pain and by limiting activities of daily living typically by affecting dexterity and mobility. They affect one in four adults across Europe [1]. Musculoskeletal conditions have an enormous economic impact on society through both direct health expenditure related to treating the sequelae of the conditions and indirectly through loss of productivity. The prevalence of many of these conditions increases markedly with age, and many are affected by lifestyle factors, such as obesity and lack of physical activity. The burden of these conditions is therefore predicted to increase, in particular in developing countries. The impact on individuals and society of the major musculoskeletal conditions is reviewed and effective prevention, treatment and rehabilitation considered. The need to recognise musculoskeletal conditions as a global public health priority is discussed. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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              Emotional labour and stress within mental health nursing.

              For many within the nursing profession, the work role involves a great deal of emotional work or 'emotional labour'. Such emotional work can be performed through 'surface acting' in which the individual simply feigns an appropriate emotion, or through 'deep acting' in which they actually try to feel the required emotion. The current study aims to aid understanding of the complex relationship between components of emotional labour and stress within the mental health nursing sector. Thirty-five mental health nurses completed questionnaires relating to a total of 122 nurse-patient interactions. Data were collected in relation to: (1) the duration and intensity of the interaction; (2) the variety of emotions expressed; (3) the degree of surface or deep acting the nurse performed; and (4) the perceived level of stress the interaction involved. Nurses also completed Daily Stress Indicators. Results suggest that: (1) emotional labour is positively correlated with both 'interaction stress' and daily stress levels; (2) the deeper the intensity of interactions and the more variety of emotions experienced, the more emotional labour was reported; and (3) surface acting was a more important predictor of emotional labour than deep acting. Implications for mental health nurses are outlined.

                Author and article information

                J Multidiscip Healthc
                J Multidiscip Healthc
                Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
                31 July 2020
                : 13
                : 735-741
                [1 ]Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Larestan University of Medical Sciences , Larestan, Iran
                [2 ]Operating Room Group, School of Paramedical, Hamadan University of Medical Science , Hamadan, Iran
                [3 ]Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences , Rasht, Iran
                [4 ]Operating Room Department, North Khorasan University of Medical Science , Bojnord, North Khorasan, Iran
                [5 ]Department of Operating Room, School of Paramedical, Kermanshah University of Medical Science , Kermanshah, Iran
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Reza Tavakkol Larestan University of Medical Sciences , Larestan7431975566, IranTel +9871-52342877Fax +9871-52344724 Email tavakkolreza.73@gmail.com
                © 2020 Tavakkol et al.

                This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms ( https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php).

                Page count
                References: 75, Pages: 7


                musculoskeletal disorders, musculoskeletal injuries, operating room


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