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      Factores asociados a la infestación intradomiciliaria por Aedes aegypti en el distrito de Tambogrande, Piura 2004 Translated title: Associated factors to the intradomiciliary infestation of Aedes aegypti at Tambogrande district, Piura 2004

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          Abstract

          Objetivos: Determinar los factores asociados para la infestación de las viviendas por Aedes aegypti en el distrito de Tambogrande, Piura. Materiales y métodos: Realizamos un estudio de casos y controles en la capital del distrito de Tambogrande, en diciembre de 2004. Consideramos como vivienda-caso (Vc) a la vivienda positiva a la infestación por Ae. aegypti, y vivienda-control (Vo) a la vivienda negativa a la infestación por Ae. aegypti en por lo menos un año, de acuerdo a los registros de las actividades de control larvario. Por cada caso consideramos dos controles. La encuesta incluyó factores ambientales, sociales y culturales, y se aplicó a la persona encargada del cuidado de la vivienda. Los factores asociados con un valor de p<0,10 en el análisis bivariado, fueron ingresados a un modelo de regresión logística para estimar los OR ajustados y los intervalos de confianza al 95% (IC). Resultados: Encuestamos 60 Vc y 124 Vo. Los factores asociados encontrados en modelo logístico múltiple fueron la presencia de botellas dentro de la vivienda (OR: 7,66; IC: 2,95-19,84), vivienda ubicada a menos de 200 m de una llantería (OR: 2,90; IC: 1,13-7,48), vivienda ubicada a menos de 200 m. de una maderera (OR: 2,76; IC: 1,14-6,66) y tener un jardín en el interior de la vivienda (OR: 2.31; IC: 0,98-7,48). Tener una trabajadora del hogar en la vivienda fue un factor protector (OR: 0,07; IC: 0,014- 0,37). Conclusiones: Los factores identificados deben ser tomados en cuenta para el desarrollo de programas de control vectorial en Tambogrande.

          Translated abstract

          Objectives: To determine the associated factors to the intradomiciliary infestation for Ae. aegypti in Tambogrande district, Piura (Northern Coastal of Peru). Material and methods: We conducted a case control study in the capital of district of Tambogrande, in December of the 2004. We regarded as housing-case (Hc) to the positive housing for Ae. aegypti infestation, and control housing (Ho) to the negative housing for Ae. aegypti infestation in at least a year with the following criteria, housing once was located in the district’s capital, according to the larval control register activities. For each case we considered two controls. We apply to the person in charge of the housing’s care that we included environmental, social and cultural factors in the questionnaire. Associates factors with p<0,10 value in the univariate analysis they were included in logistic regression model to estimate them OR adjusted and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: We poll 60 Vc and 124 Vo. The associated factors found in the multiple logistic model they went the presence of bottles in housing (OR: 7,66; CI: 2,95 - 19,84), household located at less than 200 m from a tire deposit (OR: 2,90; CI:1,13 - 7,48), household located at less than 200 m from a wood deposit (OR: 2,76; CI:1,14 - 6,66), and households with an inner garden (OR: 2.31; CI: 0,98 - 7,48) were statistically significant. We also identified that a household that has a maid (OR: 0,07; CI: 0,14 - 0,37) was a protective factor. Conclusions: The factors identified should be taken into account in the development of vector control programs in Tambogrande.

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          Most cited references 44

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          Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever.

          Dengue fever, a very old disease, has reemerged in the past 20 years with an expanded geographic distribution of both the viruses and the mosquito vectors, increased epidemic activity, the development of hyperendemicity (the cocirculation of multiple serotypes), and the emergence of dengue hemorrhagic fever in new geographic regions. In 1998 this mosquito-borne disease is the most important tropical infectious disease after malaria, with an estimated 100 million cases of dengue fever, 500,000 cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever, and 25,000 deaths annually. The reasons for this resurgence and emergence of dengue hemorrhagic fever in the waning years of the 20th century are complex and not fully understood, but demographic, societal, and public health infrastructure changes in the past 30 years have contributed greatly. This paper reviews the changing epidemiology of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever by geographic region, the natural history and transmission cycles, clinical diagnosis of both dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever, serologic and virologic laboratory diagnoses, pathogenesis, surveillance, prevention, and control. A major challenge for public health officials in all tropical areas of the world is to develop and implement sustainable prevention and control programs that will reverse the trend of emergent dengue hemorrhagic fever.
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            Characteristics of the spatial pattern of the dengue vector, Aedes aegypti, in Iquitos, Peru.

            We determine the spatial pattern of Aedes aegypti and the containers in which they develop in two neighborhoods of the Amazonian city of Iquitos, Peru. Four variables were examined: adult Ae. aegypti, pupae, containers positive for larvae or pupae, and all water-holding containers. Adults clustered strongly within houses and weakly to a distance of 30 meters beyond the household; clustering was not detected beyond 10 meters for positive containers or pupae. Over short periods of time restricted flight range and frequent blood-feeding behavior of Ae. aegypti appear to be underlying factors in the clustering patterns of human dengue infections. Permanent, consistently infested containers (key premises) were not major producers of Ae. aegypti, indicating that larvaciding strategies by themselves may be less effective than reduction of mosquito development sites by source reduction and education campaigns. We conclude that entomologic risk of human dengue infection should be assessed at the household level at frequent time intervals.
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              Urbanização e ecologia do dengue

              As mudanças demográficas ocorridas nos países subdesenvolvidos, a partir dos anos 60, geradas por intenso fluxo migratório rural-urbano, resultaram em crescimento desordenado das cidades, nas quais se destacam a carência de facilidades - em particular, de habitação e saneamento básico. Cerca de 20% da população das grandes e médias cidades estão vivendo em favelas, cortiços ou em áreas de invasão. Pela falta de abastecimento de água, há necessidade de armazená-la precariamente, tal como pela ausência de destino adequado do lixo ocorre a proliferação de criadouros potenciais do Aedes aegypti, principal mosquito vetor da dengue, ou seja, depósitos improvisados para água potável e recipientes em que a água é acumulada, constituídos principalmente por latas, plásticos e garrafas usadas. A indústria moderna, por outro lado, privilegia a produção de material descartável. O vírus do dengue tem sua propagação facilitada pela intensidade e freqüência dos meios de transporte, os quais favorecem também a disseminação dos vetores da doença. Estes são alguns dos fatores que tentam explicar o ressurgimento do dengue, a mais importante arbovirose no mundo atualmente e que acomete milhares de pessoas todos os anos.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rpmesp
                Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
                Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica
                Instituto Nacional de Salud (Lima )
                1726-4634
                April 2007
                : 24
                : 2
                : 144-151
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Subregión de Salud Luciano Castillo Colonna Peru
                [2 ] Subregión de Salud Luciano Castillo Colonna Peru
                Article
                S1726-46342007000200008

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Peru
                Categories
                Health Policy & Services

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