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      Spred2 interaction with the late endosomal protein NBR1 down-regulates fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling


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          Neighbor of BRCA1 (NBR1) suppresses growth factor responses by redirecting activated receptors to lysosomes for degradation.


          The potential for modulation of growth factor signaling by endocytic trafficking of receptors is well recognized, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. We examined the regulation of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling by Sprouty related with EVH1 (Ena/VASP homology 1) domain (Spred), a family of signaling inhibitors with proposed tumor-suppressive functions. The inhibitory activity of Spreds has been linked to their N-terminal EVH1 domain, but the molecular mechanism is unknown. In this study, we identify a novel late endosomal protein that directly binds to the EVH1 domain of Spred2. Neighbor of BRCA1 (NBR1) is a highly conserved multidomain protein that interacts and colocalizes with Spred2 in vivo. Attenuation of FGF signaling by Spred2 is dependent on the interaction with NBR1 and is achieved by redirecting the trafficking of activated receptors to the lysosomal degradation pathway. Our findings suggest a critical function for NBR1 in the regulation of receptor trafficking and provide a mechanism for down-regulation of signaling by Spred2 via NBR1.

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          Most cited references 43

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          Cancer genes and the pathways they control.

          The revolution in cancer research can be summed up in a single sentence: cancer is, in essence, a genetic disease. In the last decade, many important genes responsible for the genesis of various cancers have been discovered, their mutations precisely identified, and the pathways through which they act characterized. The purposes of this review are to highlight examples of progress in these areas, indicate where knowledge is scarce and point out fertile grounds for future investigation.
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            A role for NBR1 in autophagosomal degradation of ubiquitinated substrates.

            Autophagy is a catabolic process where cytosolic cellular components are delivered to the lysosome for degradation. Recent studies have indicated the existence of specific receptors, such as p62, which link ubiquitinated targets to autophagosomal degradation pathways. Here we show that NBR1 (neighbor of BRCA1 gene 1) is an autophagy receptor containing LC3- and ubiquitin (Ub)-binding domains. NBR1 is recruited to Ub-positive protein aggregates and degraded by autophagy depending on an LC3-interacting region (LIR) and LC3 family modifiers. Although NBR1 and p62 interact and form oligomers, they can function independently, as shown by autophagosomal clearance of NBR1 in p62-deficient cells. NBR1 was localized to Ub-positive inclusions in patients with liver dysfunction, and depletion of NBR1 abolished the formation of Ub-positive p62 bodies upon puromycin treatment of cells. We propose that NBR1 and p62 act as receptors for selective autophagosomal degradation of ubiquitinated targets.
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              Control of EGF receptor signaling by clathrin-mediated endocytosis.

              Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling was analyzed in mammalian cells conditionally defective for receptor-mediated endocytosis. EGF-dependent cell proliferation was enhanced in endocytosis-defective cells. However, early EGF-dependent signaling events were not uniformly up-regulated. A subset of signal transducers required the normal endocytic trafficking of EGFR for full activation. Thus, endocytic trafficking of activated EGFR plays a critical role not only in attenuating EGFR signaling but also in establishing and controlling specific signaling pathways.

                Author and article information

                J Cell Biol
                J. Cell Biol
                The Journal of Cell Biology
                The Rockefeller University Press
                19 October 2009
                : 187
                : 2
                : 265-277
                [1 ]Cancer Research UK Growth Factor Group and [2 ]School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, England, UK
                Author notes
                Correspondence to John K. Heath: j.k.heath@ 123456bham.ac.uk

                M. Yekezare's present address is Wellcome Trust/Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1QN, England, UK.

                L.M. Machesky's present address is Cancer Research UK Beatson Institute for Cancer Research, Glasgow G61 1BD, Scotland, UK.

                © 2009 Mardakheh et al.

                This article is distributed under the terms of an Attribution–Noncommercial–Share Alike–No Mirror Sites license for the first six months after the publication date (see http://www.jcb.org/misc/terms.shtml). After six months it is available under a Creative Commons License (Attribution–Noncommercial–Share Alike 3.0 Unported license, as described at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/).

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