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      Modes of Vasoconstrictor and Vasodilator Neurotransmission

      Journal of Vascular Research

      S. Karger AG

      Adrenergic mechanisms, Negative feedback, Portal vein, ATP, Purinergic mechanisms, Vasodilator nerves

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          Abstract

          Vasoconstrictor and vasodilator neuroeffector transmission occurs in a variety of modes. Models are presented depicting vascular segments under the direct control of a single or multiple innervation, or an indirect influence via secondary release of a vasoactive substance. The neuroeffector relationship in the rabbit portal vein is described to illustrate the coexistence of several modes of transmission. ATP or its congener is released from the nonadrenergic vasodilator nerves in this vein, possibly as the transmitter. Further, a similar substance is released from the adrenergic vasoconstrictor nerves. It possibly acts directly on smooth muscle cells to relax them, and on the nerve terminals to inhibit the adrenergic transmitter release. Evidence suggests that such purine-mediated feedback mechanism may also occur at many other adrenergic and nonadrenergic neuroeffector synapses.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-2857-3
          978-3-318-02028-1
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1978
          1978
          18 September 2008
          : 15
          : 1-3
          : 183-189
          Affiliations
          Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Center for the Health Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Calif.
          Article
          158164 Blood Vessels 1978;15:183–189
          10.1159/000158164
          © 1978 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Molecular and Cellular Aspects of Vascular Smooth Muscle in Health and Disease

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