Fear is an adaptive emotion that elicits defensive behavioural responses against aversive threats in animals. In mammals, serotonin receptors (5-HTRs) have been shown to modulate fear-related neural circuits in the basolateral amygdala complex (BLA). To understand the phylogenetic continuity of the neural basis for fear, it is important to identify the neural circuit that processes fear in other animals. In birds, fear-related behaviours were suggested to be processed in the arcopallium/amygdala complex and modulated by the serotonin (5-HT) system. However, details about the distribution of 5-HTRs in the avian brain are very sparsely reported, and the 5-HTR that is potentially involved in fear-related behaviour has not been elucidated. In this study, we showed that orthologs of mammalian 5-HTR genes that are expressed in the BLA, namely 5-HTR1A, 5-HTR1B, 5-HTR2A, 5-HTR2C, 5-HTR3A, and 5-HTR4, are expressed in a part of the chick arcopallium/amygdala complex called the dorsal arcopallium. This suggests that serotonergic regulation in the dorsal arcopallium may play an important role in regulating fear-related behaviour in birds. Our findings can be used as a basis for comparing the processing of fear and its serotonergic modulation in the mammalian amygdala complex and avian arcopallium/amygdala complex.