Background/Aims: Dialysis triggers stress reaction, matrix remodeling and endothelial damage, but little is known about the changes it induces on selected heat shock proteins (Hsp90α), adhesion molecules (E-cadherin, sE-selectin), metalloproteinases (MMP-8) and their extracellular inducer (EMMPRIN). The aim of this study was to assess serum concentrations of the above-mentioned parameters in children on chronic dialysis. Methods: 19 patients on hemodialysis (HD), 22 children on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and 30 age-matched controls were examined. Serum concentrations of parameters were assessed by ELISA. Results: Hsp90α, MMP-8, EMMPRIN and E-cadherin concentrations were significantly increased in children on dialysis vs. controls and higher levels were in HD than PD patients. There was no difference in the level of sE-selectin between HD and PD modalities. A single HD session diminished Hsp90α, MMP-8, EMMPRIN and E-cadherin values, but had no impact on sE-selectin levels. Conclusions: Hemodialysis evokes stress reaction, matrix and endothelium destruction, to a greater extent than peritoneal dialysis. Single hemodialysis influences circulating cells rather than endothelial cells.