Human growth hormone (hGH) is an essential therapeutic drug for the treatment of GH deficiency. The development of recombinant GH using a pen injection system has enabled easy and safe treatment of GH-deficient patients; however, the process of dissolving hGH in the powder form is complicated and dangerous. In this study, we investigated the usefulness of a newly developed liquid form of hGH (Norditropin<sup>®</sup> SimpleXx<sup>TM</sup>) in the treatment of 51 patients with GH deficiency. Fifteen previously untreated patients with GH deficiency were treated with liquid hGH (group A), and 36 patients who had previously used hGH in the powder form were changed to the liquid form (group B). Both groups were treated with liquid hGH 0.5 IU/kg per week for 6 months. The growth rate of patients in group A increased from 4.0 ± 2.4 cm/year to 9.2 ± 2.9 cm/year. The patients in group B continued to grow at the same rate as before using the liquid hGH therapy. Questionnaires to the patients in group B demonstrated that 85% preferred the convenience of using the new liquid form of hGH. Our results indicate that liquid hGH has similar efficacy to that of powder hGH, but its improved convenience may have a beneficial effect on patient compliance.