This study aimed to evaluate the cumulative live birth rate (CLBR) and surplus embryo rate of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) patients during in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) treatment.
In this retrospective cohort study, we analyzed 1142 PCOS patients who underwent first IVF in our institution between January 2011 and December 2014. All patients were categorized into five groups according to the number of oocytes retrieved. Main outcomes include CLBR and surplus embryo rate.
A strong correlation was observed between number of oocytes retrieved and CLBR as well as surplus embryo rate in PCOS patients. CLBR was elevated with the increasing number of oocytes and plateaued when oocyte number was up to ten, whereas the surplus embryo rate steadily increased in line with the increase of oocyte number. Patients transferred with frozen embryos showed higher CLBR and LBR during first ET than patients transferred with fresh embryos.