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      Minimal Change-Like Glomerular Alterations Induced by a Human Plasma Factor

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          Abstract

          Circulating factors, including the plasma protease (100KF) described previously, have been suspected to play a role in the pathogenesis of minimal change disease (MCD) for several decades. This factor was able to induce MCD-like alterations in kidney tissue in vitro, i.e. impairment of glomerular polyanion (GPA), as well as glomerular ecto-ATPase. We conducted permeability studies using alternate perfusion of the rat kidney ex vivo according to standard techniques. Either native 100KF (n = 7) or control factor (n = 7) perfusion, followed by perfusion with diluted rat serum was carried out, while urine samples were collected by ureter cannulation. Total urinary protein (by spectrophotometry) as well as IgG (by ELISA) and albumin (by rocket electrophoresis) were measured. Sections of perfused kidneys were stained (immuno-) histochemically for GPA and glomerular ecto-ATPase, and the stainability was quantified using image analysis and expressed as arbitrary units. The results show significantly increased protein leakage after perfusion of 100KF versus control factor (150.0 ± 48.9 vs. 33.2 ± 7.7 μg/min, p ≤ 0.01), while the IgG/albumin ratio has decreased (12.0 ± 9.4 vs. 26.9 ± 14.4%, p < 0.01). Plasma protein leakage after 100KF perfusion is associated with a significant loss of GPA (57.3 ± 27.5 vs. 98.4 ± 12.0, p < 0.01) and significant decrease of glomerular ecto-ATPase expression (28.7 ± 11.5 vs. 79.5 ± 15.0, p < 0.001). The capability of 100KF to induce MCD-like glomerular lesions, in association with selectively increased permeability for plasma proteins, suggests that this human plasma constituent may be important in the pathogenesis of MCD.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1996
          1996
          24 December 2008
          : 74
          : 3
          : 586-593
          Affiliations
          Department of Pathology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
          Article
          189457 Nephron 1996;74:586–593
          10.1159/000189457
          8938686
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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