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      A Review of Theory and Practice in Scientometrics

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          Abstract

          Scientometrics is the study of the quantitative aspects of the process of science as a communication system. It is centrally, but not only, concerned with the analysis of citations in the academic literature. In recent years it has come to play a major role in the measurement and evaluation of research performance. In this review we consider: the historical development of scientometrics, sources of citation data, citation metrics and the "laws" of scientometrics, normalisation, journal impact factors and other journal metrics, visualising and mapping science, evaluation and policy, and future developments.

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          Most cited references 13

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          Observation of a new particle in the search for the Standard Model Higgs boson with the ATLAS detector at the LHC

          A search for the Standard Model Higgs boson in proton-proton collisions with the ATLAS detector at the LHC is presented. The datasets used correspond to integrated luminosities of approximately 4.8 fb^-1 collected at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV in 2011 and 5.8 fb^-1 at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV in 2012. Individual searches in the channels H->ZZ^(*)->llll, H->gamma gamma and H->WW->e nu mu nu in the 8 TeV data are combined with previously published results of searches for H->ZZ^(*), WW^(*), bbbar and tau^+tau^- in the 7 TeV data and results from improved analyses of the H->ZZ^(*)->llll and H->gamma gamma channels in the 7 TeV data. Clear evidence for the production of a neutral boson with a measured mass of 126.0 +/- 0.4(stat) +/- 0.4(sys) GeV is presented. This observation, which has a significance of 5.9 standard deviations, corresponding to a background fluctuation probability of 1.7x10^-9, is compatible with the production and decay of the Standard Model Higgs boson.
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            h-Index: A review focused in its variants, computation and standardization for different scientific fields

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              An index to quantify an individual's scientific research valid across disciplines

               ,  ,   (2010)
              The number h of papers with at least h citations has been proposed to evaluate individual's scientific research production. This index is robust in several ways but yet strongly dependent on the research field. We propose a complementary index hI = h^2/N_t, with N_t being the total number of authors in the considered h papers. A researcher with index hI has hI papers with at least hI citation if he/she had published alone. We have obtained the rank plots of h and hI for four Brazilian scientific communities. Contrasting to the h-index curve, the hI index present a perfect data collapse into a unique allowing comparison among different research areas.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                2015-01-22
                2015-04-07
                Article
                10.1016/j.ejor.2015.04.002
                1501.05462

                http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

                Custom metadata
                European Journal of Operational Research ,246, 1, pp. 1-19, 2015
                accepted for publication in the European Journal of Operational Research
                cs.DL

                Information & Library science

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