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      Utilizing support vector machines for predictive analytics in chronic kidney diseases

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      Materials Today: Proceedings
      Elsevier BV

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          Big data and machine learning algorithms for health-care delivery

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            Epidemiological features of CKD in Taiwan.

            The incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in Taiwan is the highest in the world. However, epidemiological features of earlier chronic kidney disease (CKD) have not been investigated. Since implementation of the National Health Insurance Program in 1995, more than 96% of the population in Taiwan has been enrolled. A nationally representative cohort of 200,000 individuals randomly sampled from the National Health Insurance enrollees was followed up from 1996 to 2003. Clinical conditions were defined by using diagnostic codes. The prevalence and incidence of clinically recognized CKD were assessed. We also identified risk factors associated with the development of CKD. The prevalence of clinically recognized CKD increased from 1.99% in 1996 to 9.83% in 2003. The overall incidence rate during 1997 to 2003 was 1.35/100 person-years. The multivariate model indicates that age is a key predictor of CKD, with an odds ratio of 13.95 for the group aged 75-plus years compared with the group younger than 20 years. Other factors associated with increased risk for the development of CKD include diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and female sex. The prevalence and incidence of CKD in Taiwan are relatively high compared with other countries. Our finding provides a reasonable explanation for the subsequent epidemic of ESRD in Taiwan. Further study is needed to identify the entire burden of CKD and the effectiveness of risk-factor modification.
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              High prevalence and low awareness of CKD in Taiwan: a study on the relationship between serum creatinine and awareness from a nationally representative survey.

              The burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global challenge. Empirical evidence of low CKD awareness rates in developed countries speaks for an urgent need to strengthen strategies for CKD identification and prevention. The aim of this study is to estimate the awareness rate of CKD in Taiwan to promote early detection of CKD in this country. Data from a nationally representative survey were used for analysis. The study included 6,001 subjects. The simplified Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation was used to define glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and CKD stages according to criteria of the US National Kidney Foundation. Descriptive methods were used to analyze data. The prevalence of CKD stages 3 to 5 in Taiwan is 6.9% (95% confidence interval, 4.4 to 9.4). Awareness rates for CKD in Taiwan are low: 8.0% for individuals with stage 3, 25.0% for those with stage 4, and 71.4% for those with stage 5. Awareness rate is related closely to serum creatinine level: those with creatinine levels greater than 1.6 mg/dL (>141 micromol/L) are more likely to be informed of having a kidney disease. The high prevalence and low awareness of CKD in Taiwan explicitly show the need to advocate more strongly for CKD prevention and education for both physicians and the populace. Establishment of a mandated automatic GFR reporting system may be the first priority we need to accomplish in Taiwan to improve kidney well-being.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Materials Today: Proceedings
                Materials Today: Proceedings
                Elsevier BV
                22147853
                2023
                2023
                : 81
                : 951-956
                Article
                10.1016/j.matpr.2021.04.309
                541a47c9-d177-4381-b52d-ab1b4d322d90
                © 2023

                https://www.elsevier.com/tdm/userlicense/1.0/

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