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      Attention Pedestrians Ahead: Evaluating User Acceptance and Perceptions of a Cooperative Intelligent Transportation System-Warning System for Pedestrians

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      Sustainability
      MDPI AG

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          Abstract

          Warning system for pedestrians (WSP), one of cooperative intelligent transport system (C-ITS) applications, is designed to increase safety for pedestrians but also for drivers and other road users. The evaluation of end-user acceptance and perceptions of this technology is crucial before deploying it in transportation systems. Five WSP human–machine interfaces (HMIs) were designed and simulated using a driver’s first-view video footage of driving through a pedestrian crossing in Newcastle upon Tyne. The five WSP designs were evaluated with 24 younger end users (35 years old and younger). This study first evaluated the usefulness of the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) in modelling end-user acceptance in terms of behavioural intentions to use WSP. The results suggest that the UTAUT can be applied to investigate the end-user acceptance of WSP, with performance expectancy and effort expectancy influencing the behavioural intentions to use WSP. Furthermore, we investigated end-user attitudes towards various WSP human–machine interface (HMI) designs. Participants showed more positive attitudes towards visual-only interfaces than towards audio-only and multi-modal (combinations of visual and audio) interfaces. Above all, the findings of this research increase our understanding of public acceptance and perceptions of this C-ITS application.

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          Most cited references9

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          Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems in Europe: Current Deployment Status and Outlook

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            An evaluation of crosswalk warning systems: effects on pedestrian and vehicle behaviour

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              SeeMe at the crosswalk: Before-after study of a pedestrian crosswalk warning system

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                SUSTDE
                Sustainability
                Sustainability
                MDPI AG
                2071-1050
                March 2022
                February 27 2022
                : 14
                : 5
                : 2787
                Article
                10.3390/su14052787
                5448bded-d7f6-4a85-8cd7-4d0bda576692
                © 2022

                https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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