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      Efficacy and Safety of Imidapril in Patients with Essential Hypertension: A Double-Blind Comparison with Captopril

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          Abstract

          In this 12-week, double-blind, parallel-group, comparative trial, 57 adult patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension were randomly allocated to receive imidapril or captopril, initially at a dose of 5 mg once a day and 25 mg twice daily, respectively. After 4 weeks of therapy, the dose of each drug was increased twice if diastolic blood pressure (DBP) remained ≧90 mm Hg. Both treatments effectively lowered DBP in a comparable manner. Mean changes from baseline in DBP at 12 weeks were –9.9 mm Hg for imidapril and –8.8 mm Hg for captopril (p = 0.488). Responder rates in patients receiving active treatment for at least 6 weeks were 53.9% for imidapril and 48% for captopril (p = 0.676). Both treatments were well tolerated. Adverse drug reactions were observed in 20.7% (6/29) of the imidapril group and 46.4% (13/28) of the captopril group (p < 0.05). A cough was the most frequent side effect, reported in 13.8% of the imidapril group and 35.7% of the captopril group. The results indicate that imidapril is as effective as captopril in the treatment of hypertension. Imidapril produces less adverse effects compared with captopril.

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          Most cited references 2

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          1999 World Health Organization-International Society of Hypertension Guidelines for the Management of Hypertension

            (1999)
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            Overview of randomized trials of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors on mortality and morbidity in patients with heart failure. Collaborative Group on ACE Inhibitor Trials

             R Garg (1995)
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              Author and article information

              Journal
              CRD
              Cardiology
              10.1159/issn.0008-6312
              Cardiology
              S. Karger AG
              0008-6312
              1421-9751
              2001
              July 2001
              20 July 2001
              : 95
              : 3
              : 146-150
              Affiliations
              Department of Internal Medicine (Cardiology Division), National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
              Article
              47361 Cardiology 2001;95:146–150
              10.1159/000047361
              11474160
              © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Tables: 3, References: 24, Pages: 5
              Categories
              Clinical Pharmacology

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