4
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Development of a Postgraduate Community Pharmacist Specialization Program Using CanMEDS Competencies, and Entrustable Professional Activities

      research-article

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPMC
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Objectives. To develop and implement a postgraduate, workplace-based curriculum for community pharmacy specialists in the Netherlands, conduct a thorough evaluation of the program, and revise any deficiencies found.

          Methods. The experiences of the Dutch Advisory Board for Postgraduate Curriculum Development for Medical Specialists were used as a guideline for the development of a competency-based postgraduate education program for community pharmacists. To ensure that community pharmacists achieved competence in 10 task areas and seven roles defined by the Canadian Medical Education Directions for Specialists (CanMEDS), a two-year workplace-based curriculum was built. A development path along four milestones was constructed using 40 entrustable professional activities (EPAs). The assessment program consisted of 155 workplace-based assessments, with the supervisor serving as the main assessor. Also, 360-degree feedback and 22 days of classroom courses were included in the curriculum. In 2014, the curriculum was evaluated by two focus groups and a review committee.

          Results. Eighty-two first-year trainees enrolled in the community pharmacy specialist program in 2012. That number increased to 130 trainees by 2016 (a 59% increase). In 2015, based on feedback from pharmacy supervisors, trainees, and other stakeholders, 22.5% of the EPAs were changed and the number of workplace-based assessments was reduced by 48.5%.

          Conclusion. Using design approaches from the medical field in the development of postgraduate workplace-based pharmacy education programs proved to be feasible and successful. How to address the concerns and challenges encountered in developing and maintaining competency-based postgraduate pharmacy education programs merits further research.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          Am J Pharm Educ
          Am J Pharm Educ
          ajpe
          American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
          American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
          0002-9459
          1553-6467
          August 2019
          : 83
          : 6
          Affiliations
          [ a ] Royal Dutch Pharmacists Association (KNMP), Hague, Netherlands
          [ b ] Utrecht Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands
          [ c ] HPC the Human Perspective in Consulting, Hague, Netherlands
          [ d ] SIR Institute for Pharmacy Practice and Policy, Leiden, Netherlands
          Author notes
          Corresponding Author: Marnix P.D. Westein, Royal Dutch Pharmacists Association, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. Tel: +31614173404. E-mail: m.p.d.westein@ 123456uu.nl
          Article
          PMC6718509 PMC6718509 6718509 ajpe6863
          10.5688/ajpe6863
          6718509
          31507284
          5462997a-d86b-4797-9bf6-652afd10ab99
          © 2019 American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy
          Page count
          Pages: 12
          Categories
          Research

          entrustable professional activities,postgraduate education,curriculum development,community pharmacy,competency-based

          Comments

          Comment on this article