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      Chronic Sodium or Chloride Depletion Upregulates Angiotensin II Receptors in the Anterior Pituitary Lobe of Young Rats

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          The effect of chronic (35 days) and selective sodium or chloride depletion on the regulation of angiotensin II receptors in the anterior pituitary gland of young male rats was studied by quantitative autoradiography. Both chronic sodium or chloride depletion produced significant extracellular fluid volume contraction, stimulation of the circulating renin-angiotensin system and increased the number of angiotensin II receptors in the anterior pituitary gland. Changes in angiotensin II receptors in both sodium- and chloride-depleted animals were associated with increased plasma prolactin levels. Our results suggest a participation of the pituitary renin-angiotensin system in the physiological response and/or possible adaptation to chronic sodium or chloride depletion. Extracellular fluid volume contraction and profound chronic stimulation of the circulating renin-angiotensin system may contribute to regulate anterior pituitary angiotensin II receptors and may influence prolactin release.

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          Author and article information

          S. Karger AG
          04 April 2008
          : 53
          : 6
          : 556-561
          Section on Pharmacology, Laboratory of Clinical Science, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Md.; Department of Nephrology, Children’s National Medical Center, Washington, D.C., USA
          125774 Neuroendocrinology 1991;53:556–561
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Pages: 6
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