The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the literature on the effects of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder on pediatric burn injury, to identify specific considerations and trends relevant to this topic, and to call attention to areas for future research. There is growing evidence for increased risk of burn injury in children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and externalizing behavioral disorders. Research indicates increased risk of burn morbidity and poorer adjustment following burn injury in these patients. Evidence suggests that stimulant treatment may be useful for reducing risk of burn injury and questions the use of 'drug holidays'. Research suggests prevention measures specific to this population, including increased supervision. Primary care providers can further educate patients and families regarding increased risk for injury due to Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder or symptoms of impulsivity and inattention that accompany other behavioral disorders, neurological conditions, and disabilities. Information regarding the risk of burn injury in children with symptoms of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is gradually gaining more attention. There is continued need for further investigation in this area, as well as critical assessment of intervention programs for this subgroup of individuals.