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      Emotional responses and coping strategies in nurses and nursing students during Covid-19 outbreak: A comparative study

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          Abstract

          The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak in December has seen more than 76,000 cases in China, causing more than 3,000 medical staff infections. As the disease is highly contagious, can be fatal in severe cases, and there are no specific medicines, it poses a huge threat to the life and health of nurses, leading to a severe impact on their emotional responses and coping strategies. Therefore, this study will investigate nurses’ emotional responses and coping styles, and conduct a comparative study with nursing college students. This study was conducted through the online survey ‘questionnaire star’ from February 1 st to February 20 th, 2020 in Anhui Province, using the snowball sampling method to invite subjects. The results found that women showed more severe anxiety and fear than men. Participants from cities exhibited these symptoms more than participants from rural areas, however rural participants experienced more sadness than urban participants. The nearer a COVID-19 zone is to the participants, the stronger the anxiety and anger. The COVID-19 outbreak has placed immense pressure on hospitals and those nurses at the frontline are more seriously affected. Hospitals should focus on providing psychological support to nurses and training in coping strategies.

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          Most cited references 16

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          The role of positive emotions in positive psychology. The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions.

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          In this article, the author describes a new theoretical perspective on positive emotions and situates this new perspective within the emerging field of positive psychology. The broaden-and-build theory posits that experiences of positive emotions broaden people's momentary thought-action repertoires, which in turn serves to build their enduring personal resources, ranging from physical and intellectual resources to social and psychological resources. Preliminary empirical evidence supporting the broaden-and-build theory is reviewed, and open empirical questions that remain to be tested are identified. The theory and findings suggest that the capacity to experience positive emotions may be a fundamental human strength central to the study of human flourishing.
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            Healthcare Workers Emotions, Perceived Stressors and Coping Strategies During a MERS-CoV Outbreak

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ConceptualizationRole: Data curationRole: Formal analysisRole: Funding acquisitionRole: InvestigationRole: MethodologyRole: Project administrationRole: Writing – original draftRole: Writing – review & editing
                Role: Writing – original draftRole: Writing – review & editing
                Role: ConceptualizationRole: Writing – review & editing
                Role: Formal analysisRole: Methodology
                Role: Data curation
                Role: Editor
                Journal
                PLoS One
                PLoS ONE
                plos
                plosone
                PLoS ONE
                Public Library of Science (San Francisco, CA USA )
                1932-6203
                7 August 2020
                2020
                7 August 2020
                : 15
                : 8
                Affiliations
                [1 ] School of Psychology, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang, People’s Republic of China
                [2 ] School of Humanities and Management, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, People’s Republic of China
                [3 ] School of Educational Science, Nanning Normal University, Nanning, People’s Republic of China
                National Institutes of Health, UNITED STATES
                Author notes

                Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

                Article
                PONE-D-20-05960
                10.1371/journal.pone.0237303
                7413410
                32764825
                © 2020 Huang et al

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 6, Pages: 12
                Product
                Funding
                Funded by: funder-id http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100005063, Excellent Young Talents Fund Program of Higher Education Institutions of Anhui Province;
                Award ID: AHSKQ2019D059
                Award Recipient :
                This study was supported by MOE (Ministry of Education in China) Project of Humanities and Social Sciences (Grants No. 20YJC190006), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants Nos. 71971103), the Philosophy and Social Science Planning Project of Anhui Provincial (Grants Nos. AHSKQ2019D059), and the University Science Research Project of Anhui Provincial Department of Education (Grants Nos. SK2018A0192).
                Categories
                Research Article
                Biology and Life Sciences
                Psychology
                Emotions
                Social Sciences
                Psychology
                Emotions
                People and Places
                Population Groupings
                Professions
                Medical Personnel
                Nurses
                Medicine and Health Sciences
                Health Care
                Health Care Providers
                Nurses
                Medicine and Health Sciences
                Medical Conditions
                Infectious Diseases
                Viral Diseases
                Covid 19
                Biology and Life Sciences
                Psychology
                Emotions
                Fear
                Social Sciences
                Psychology
                Emotions
                Fear
                Biology and Life Sciences
                Psychology
                Emotions
                Anxiety
                Social Sciences
                Psychology
                Emotions
                Anxiety
                Medicine and Health Sciences
                Health Care
                Nursing Science
                Earth Sciences
                Geography
                Human Geography
                Urban Geography
                Cities
                Social Sciences
                Human Geography
                Urban Geography
                Cities
                Medicine and Health Sciences
                Medical Conditions
                Infectious Diseases
                Viral Diseases
                SARS
                Custom metadata
                All relevant data are within the manuscript and its Supporting Information files.
                COVID-19

                Uncategorized

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