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      Factorial validity of the Problematic Facebook Use Scale for adolescents and young adults

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          Abstract

          Background and aims

          Recent research on problematic Facebook use has highlighted the need to develop a specific theory-driven measure to assess this potential behavioral addiction. The aim of the present study was to examine the factorial validity of the Problematic Facebook Use Scale (PFUS) adapted from Caplan’s Generalized Problematic Internet Scale model.

          Methods

          A total of 1,460 Italian adolescents and young adults (aged 14–29 years) participated in the study. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed in order to assess the factorial validity of the scale.

          Results

          Results revealed that the factor structure of the PFUS provided a good fit to the data. Furthermore, results of the multiple group analyses supported the invariance of the model across age and gender groups.

          Discussion and conclusions

          This study provides evidence supporting the factorial validity of the PFUS. This new scale provides a theory-driven tool to assess problematic use of Facebook among male and female adolescents and young adults.

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          Most cited references 37

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          A ‘components’ model of addiction within a biopsychosocial framework

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            Problematic Internet use and psychosocial well-being: development of a theory-based cognitive–behavioral measurement instrument

             Scott Caplan (2002)
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              Development of a Facebook Addiction Scale.

              The Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS), initially a pool of 18 items, three reflecting each of the six core elements of addiction (salience, mood modification, tolerance, withdrawal, conflict, and relapse), was constructed and administered to 423 students together with several other standardized self-report scales (Addictive Tendencies Scale, Online Sociability Scale, Facebook Attitude Scale, NEO-FFI, BIS/BAS scales, and Sleep questions). That item within each of the six addiction elements with the highest corrected item-total correlation was retained in the final scale. The factor structure of the scale was good (RMSEA = .046, CFI = .99) and coefficient alpha was .83. The 3-week test-retest reliability coefficient was .82. The scores converged with scores for other scales of Facebook activity. Also, they were positively related to Neuroticism and Extraversion, and negatively related to Conscientiousness. High scores on the new scale were associated with delayed bedtimes and rising times.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                jba
                JBA
                Journal of Behavioral Addictions
                J Behav Addict
                Akadémiai Kiadó (Budapest )
                2062-5871
                2063-5303
                14 February 2017
                March 2016
                : 6
                : 1
                : 5-10
                Affiliations
                [ 1 ]Dipartimento di Psicologia dello Sviluppo e della Socializzazione, Università degli Studi di Padova , Padova, Italy
                [ 2 ]Division of Psychology, School of Applied Sciences, London South Bank University , London, UK
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author: Marcantonio M. Spada; Division of Psychology, School of Applied Sciences, London South Bank University, 103 Borough Rd., London SE1 0AA, UK; Phone: +44 020 7815 5760; E-mail: spadam@ 123456lsbu.ac.uk
                Article
                10.1556/2006.6.2017.004
                5572996
                28198639
                © 2017 The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 3, Equations: 0, References: 31, Pages: 6
                Funding
                Funding sources: No financial support was received for this study.
                Categories
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