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      Evaluating a frailty education program implemented through barbershops/salons in Japan: A preliminary study


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          Although frailty has detrimental physical and psychological effects on elderly people, it is potentially reversible. In this study, we aim to evaluate the effectiveness of a pilot frailty education program implemented through barbershops/salons in Japan. In January 2018, we selected five barbershops/salons in Japan where customers were educated on frailty, which was classified as “normal,” “prefrail,” and “frail.” We developed a web-based assessment tool to reduce the workload for barbers/stylists. Participants included 45 customers (82% women), with a median (interquartile range) age of 53.0 (47.5–57.5) years, and a mean ± SD BMI of 22.3 ± 2.7. Frailty scores indicated that 35% of participants were normal, 58% were prefrail, and 7% were frail. Frailty status scores reflected no significant differences after the intervention. Customers classified as frail were advised to visit the regional comprehensive support center for further professional frailty assessment. Participants, especially those aged over 65 years, found the web-based assessment difficult to use. In conclusion, a frailty education program implemented through barbershops/salons is possible because barbers/stylists can provide information on and assessment of frailty. Females and highly educated customers are more likely to be interested in participating. Nevertheless, a simple intervention is essential to expand the program nationwide.

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          Most cited references35

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          Frailty in Older Adults: Evidence for a Phenotype

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            Environmental perspective of COVID-19

            The outbreak of COVID-19 has caused concerns globally. On 30 January WHO has declared it as a global health emergency. The easy spread of this virus made people to wear a mask as precautionary route, use gloves and hand sanitizer on a daily basis that resulted in generation of a massive amount of medical wastes in the environment. Millions of people have been put on lockdown in order to reduce the transmission of the virus. This epidemic has also changed the people's life style; caused extensive job losses and threatened the sustenance of millions of people, as businesses have shut down to control the spread of virus. All over the world, flights have been canceled and transport systems have been closed. Overall, the economic activities have been stopped and stock markets dropped along with the falling carbon emission. However, the lock down of the COVID-19 pandemic caused the air quality in many cities across the globe to improve and drop in water pollutions in some parts of the world.
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              Is Open Access

              RAMESES publication standards: realist syntheses

              Background There is growing interest in realist synthesis as an alternative systematic review method. This approach offers the potential to expand the knowledge base in policy-relevant areas - for example, by explaining the success, failure or mixed fortunes of complex interventions. No previous publication standards exist for reporting realist syntheses. This standard was developed as part of the RAMESES (Realist And MEta-narrative Evidence Syntheses: Evolving Standards) project. The project's aim is to produce preliminary publication standards for realist systematic reviews. Methods We (a) collated and summarized existing literature on the principles of good practice in realist syntheses; (b) considered the extent to which these principles had been followed by published syntheses, thereby identifying how rigor may be lost and how existing methods could be improved; (c) used a three-round online Delphi method with an interdisciplinary panel of national and international experts in evidence synthesis, realist research, policy and/or publishing to produce and iteratively refine a draft set of methodological steps and publication standards; (d) provided real-time support to ongoing realist syntheses and the open-access RAMESES online discussion list so as to capture problems and questions as they arose; and (e) synthesized expert input, evidence syntheses and real-time problem analysis into a definitive set of standards. Results We identified 35 published realist syntheses, provided real-time support to 9 on-going syntheses and captured questions raised in the RAMESES discussion list. Through analysis and discussion within the project team, we summarized the published literature and common questions and challenges into briefing materials for the Delphi panel, comprising 37 members. Within three rounds this panel had reached consensus on 19 key publication standards, with an overall response rate of 91%. Conclusion This project used multiple sources to develop and draw together evidence and expertise in realist synthesis. For each item we have included an explanation for why it is important and guidance on how it might be reported. Realist synthesis is a relatively new method for evidence synthesis and as experience and methodological developments occur, we anticipate that these standards will evolve to reflect further methodological developments. We hope that these standards will act as a resource that will contribute to improving the reporting of realist syntheses. To encourage dissemination of the RAMESES publication standards, this article is co-published in the Journal of Advanced Nursing and is freely accessible on Wiley Online Library (http://www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/journal/jan). Please see related article http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/11/20 and http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/11/22

                Author and article information

                SN Soc Sci
                SN Soc Sci
                Sn Social Sciences
                Springer International Publishing (Cham )
                24 April 2022
                : 2
                : 5
                : 55
                [1 ]GRID grid.251924.9, ISNI 0000 0001 0725 8504, Department of Nursing, , Akita University Graduate School of Health Sciences, ; 1-1-1 Hondo, Akita, 010-8543 Japan
                [2 ]GRID grid.251924.9, ISNI 0000 0001 0725 8504, Department of Mathematical Science and Electrical-Electronic-Computer Engineering, , Akita University Graduate School of Engineering Science, ; Akita, Japan
                [3 ]GRID grid.251924.9, ISNI 0000 0001 0725 8504, Department of Occupational Therapy, , Akita University Graduate School of Health Sciences, ; Akita, Japan
                Author information
                © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022

                This article is made available via the PMC Open Access Subset for unrestricted research re-use and secondary analysis in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source. These permissions are granted for the duration of the World Health Organization (WHO) declaration of COVID-19 as a global pandemic.

                : 7 February 2021
                : 12 April 2022
                Funded by: Toyota Foundation Research Grant Program
                Award ID: D15-R-0234
                Award Recipient :
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                © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022

                barbershop,salon,frailty,health educator,super-aging society


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