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      Prevalencia de parásitos intestinales en una muestra de manipuladores de alimentos de una empresa estatal Translated title: Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites in a Sample of Food Handlers at a State Enterprise

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          Abstract

          Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo determinar la prevalencia de parásitos intestinales en manipuladores de alimentos de varios comedores de PDVSA; que acudieron en solicitud del certificado de salud en clínicas de PDVSA, ubicadas en la Costa Oriental del Lago. Se analizaron 166 muestras de heces, por métodos coproparasitológicos: evaluación microscópica en solución salina fisiológica al 0,85%, lugol y técnica de Ritchie. La prevalencia de enteroparásitos fue de 25,90% (43/166). Del porcentaje de parasitados 17,47% correspondió al grupo de 20 a 40 años y 8,43% al grupo mayores de 40 años. No se observó diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre edad y frecuencia de parasitosis intestinal (Chi²= 0,539; P >0,05). De acuerdo al sexo, del porcentaje casos parasitados; 15,66% correspondieron al sexo masculino y 10,24% al sexo femenino (Chi²= 0,016; P >0,05). Solo se identificaron protozoarios, destacándose Blastocystis sp. con 83,72%. El presente estudio demostró que los manipuladores de alimentos estuvieron infectados por protozoarios entéricos, la prevalencia detectada es similar a otros estudios en poblaciones parecidas.

          Translated abstract

          The objective of this research was to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites in food handlers at several PDVSA dining rooms, who requested a health certificate at PDVSA clinics on the East Lake Coast. One-hundred sixty-six stool samples were analyzed using parasitological methods: microscopic evaluation in physiological saline solution at 0.85%, Lugol’s solution and the Ritchie method. The prevalence of intestinal parasites was 25.90% (43/166). Of those who had parasites, 17.47% corresponded to the group of 20 to 40 years old and 8.43% to the group of 40 years or older. No statistically significant difference was observed between age and frequency of intestinal parasitosis (Chi² = 0.539, P> 0.05). According to sex, 15.66% of the parasitized cases were male and 10.24% female (Chi² = 0.016, P> 0.05). Only protozoa were identified, highlighting Blastocystis sp. with 83.72%. This study showed that food handlers were infected with enteric protozoa. The detected prevalence is similar to other studies in similar populations.

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          Most cited references 41

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          New insights on classification, identification, and clinical relevance of Blastocystis spp.

           Kevin S W Tan (2008)
          Blastocystis is an unusual enteric protozoan parasite of humans and many animals. It has a worldwide distribution and is often the most commonly isolated organism in parasitological surveys. The parasite has been described since the early 1900s, but only in the last decade or so have there been significant advances in our understanding of Blastocystis biology. However, the pleomorphic nature of the parasite and the lack of standardization in techniques have led to confusion and, in some cases, misinterpretation of data. This has hindered laboratory diagnosis and efforts to understand its mode of reproduction, life cycle, prevalence, and pathogenesis. Accumulating epidemiological, in vivo, and in vitro data strongly suggest that Blastocystis is a pathogen. Many genotypes exist in nature, and recent observations indicate that humans are, in reality, hosts to numerous zoonotic genotypes. Such genetic diversity has led to a suggestion that previously conflicting observations on the pathogenesis of Blastocystis are due to pathogenic and nonpathogenic genotypes. Recent epidemiological, animal infection, and in vitro host-Blastocystis interaction studies suggest that this may indeed be the case. This review focuses on such recent advances and also provides updates on laboratory and clinical aspects of Blastocystis spp.
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            Parasites in the gastrointestinal tract.

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              Prevention and control of intestinal parasitic infections

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                km
                Kasmera
                Kasmera
                Universidad del Zulia
                0075-5222
                December 2014
                : 42
                : 2
                : 131-140
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Clínica PDVSA Costa Oriental del Lago Venezuela
                [2 ] Laboratorio Clínica PDVSA
                Article
                S0075-52222014000200005
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                TROPICAL MEDICINE

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