The family Opiliaceae in Santalales comprises approximately 38 species within 12 genera distributed worldwide. In Taiwan, only one species of the tribe Champereieae , Champereia manillana , has been recorded. Here we report the first record of a second member of Opiliaceae , Cansjera in tribe Opilieae , for Taiwan.
The newly-found species, Cansjera rheedei J.F. Gmelin ( Opiliaceae ), is a liana distributed from India and Nepal to southern China and western Malaysia. This is the first record of both the genus Cansjera and the tribe Opilieae of Opiliaceae in Taiwan. In this report, we provide a taxonomic description for the species and colour photographs to facilitate identification in the field.