1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-N,N',N",N'''-tetraacetic acid (DOTA)-lanreotide is a universal somatostatin (SST) receptor subtype ligand that binds to a large variety of human tumors. We report the case of a patient with metastatic gastrinoma who was treated with 90Y-DOTA-lanreotide. Before treatment, dosimetry with 111In-DOTA-lanreotide (150 MBq, 10 nmol) indicated a dose of 5.8 mGy/MBq for the recurrent abdominal gastrinoma, and a mean dose of approximately 1.0 mGy/MBq for liver metastases (i.e., 56 and approximately 10 mGy/MBq for 90Y-DOTA-lanreotide, respectively). After four infusions of 90Y-DOTA-lanreotide (each 1 GBq, approximately 30 nmol) over a 6-mo period, the 111In-DOTA-lanreotide scintigraphy of the liver had returned to a nearly normal condition and a remarkably decreased uptake by the recurrent gastrinoma was calculated (approximately 5 mGy/MBq for 90Y-DOTA-lanreotide). The imaging results were well-correlated with a 25% regression of the liver metastases as indicated by CT. Blood, urine and whole-body clearances of 111In-DOTA-lanreotide and 90Y-DOTA-lanreotide were very similar. The DOTA-lanreotide promises to be useful for functional tumor diagnosis (111In-DOTA-lanreotide) and receptor-mediated tumor radiotherapy (90Y-DOTA-lanreotide).