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      Electrospinning and Electrospun Nanofibers: Methods, Materials, and Applications

      1 , 1 , 2 , 1 , 3
      Chemical Reviews
      American Chemical Society (ACS)

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          Abstract

          <p class="first" id="P2">Electrospinning is a versatile and viable technique for generating ultrathin fibers. Remarkable progress has been made with regard to the development of electrospinning methods and engineering of electrospun nanofibers to suit or enable various applications. We aim to provide a comprehensive overview of electrospinning, including the principle, methods, materials, and applications. We begin with a brief introduction to the early history of electrospinning, followed by discussion of its principle and typical apparatus. We then discuss its renaissance over the past two decades as a powerful technology for the production of nanofibers with diversified compositions, structures, and properties. Afterward, we discuss the applications of electrospun nanofibers, including their use as “smart” mats, filtration membranes, catalytic supports, energy harvesting/conversion/storage components, and photonic and electronic devices, as well as biomedical scaffolds. We highlight the most relevant and recent advances related to the applications of electrospun nanofibers by focusing on the most representative examples. We also offer perspectives on the challenges, opportunities, and new directions for future development. At the end, we discuss approaches to the scale-up production of electrospun nanofibers and briefly discuss various types of commercial products based on electrospun nanofibers that have found widespread use in our everyday life. </p><p id="P3"> <div class="figure-container so-text-align-c"> <img alt="" class="figure" src="/document_file/6ddc0205-3b0f-440c-b1b6-eaf11afd1f73/PubMedCentral/image/nihms-1035495-f0001.jpg"/> </div> </p>

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Chemical Reviews
          Chem. Rev.
          American Chemical Society (ACS)
          0009-2665
          1520-6890
          March 27 2019
          March 27 2019
          Affiliations
          [1 ]The Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, United States
          [2 ]School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 211189, People’s Republic of China
          [3 ]School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, United States
          Article
          10.1021/acs.chemrev.8b00593
          6589095
          30916938
          55a5ec69-d64e-4539-9dd5-a9876db14a91
          © 2019
          History

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