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      The Dimensional Change Card Sort (DCCS): a method of assessing executive function in children.

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      Nature protocols
      Springer Science and Business Media LLC

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          Abstract

          The dimensional change card sort (DCCS) is an easily administered and widely used measure of executive function that is suitable for use with participants across a wide range of ages. In the standard version, children are required to sort a series of bivalent test cards, first according to one dimension (e.g., color), and then according to the other (e.g., shape). Most 3-year-olds perseverate during the post-switch phase, exhibiting a pattern of inflexibility similar to that seen in patients with prefrontal cortical damage. By 5 years of age, most children switch when instructed to do so. Performance on the DCCS provides an index of the development of executive function, and it is impaired in children with disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism. We describe the protocol for the standard version (duration = 5 min) and the more challenging border version (duration = 5 min), which may be used with children as old as 7 years.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Nat Protoc
          Nature protocols
          Springer Science and Business Media LLC
          1750-2799
          1750-2799
          2006
          : 1
          : 1
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, 100 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G3, Canada. zelazo@psych.utoronto.ca
          Article
          nprot.2006.46
          10.1038/nprot.2006.46
          17406248
          55a8fcbb-4182-4ea8-8ac5-f7cc4afa8ee8
          History

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