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      Clinical Importance of Coronary Perfusion Pressure in the Hypertensive Patient with Left Ventricular Hypertrophy

      Cardiology

      S. Karger AG

      Coronary perfusion pressure, Coronary blood flow

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          Abstract

          In patients with severe left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), but no significant coronary artery disease (CAD), acute lowering of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) to less than 85 mm Hg is reported to result in a 26% fall in coronary blood flow and an increase in myocardial oxygen demand; S-T segment and T-wave changes in the ECG are observed when DBP is acutely lowered to the 70s in these patients. In the presence of good resting left ventricular function, acute lowering of DBP to the 60s in well-controlled hypertensives on a β-blocker, with either CAD or LVH, results in a mean increase of about 20% in ventricular ejection fraction. By contrast, patients with a combination of CAD and LVH experience a mean 6% fall in ejection fraction implying poor left ventricular functional reserve. In low risk populations, which exclude patients with severe ischaemia, diabetics and smokers, the lower the DBP the fewer the number of myocardial infarctions. However, in heterogeneous hypertensive populations which include high risk patients, such as ischaemics and diabetics (e.g. the MRFIT population), there is a strong U- or J-curve relationship between DBP and CAD deaths. Meta-analysis of high quality studies involving heterogeneous populations has shown that the U- or J-point is at 84 mm Hg and probably relates to high risk patients with ischaemia and/or LVH. Recent data from the Framingham group indicate that the patients most at risk are those with a combination of CAD and LVH: these patients showed a marked U-shaped curve with the U- or J-point at about 85-89 mm Hg DBP. These results indicate that in hypertensive patients with LVH and CAD, it would be prudent to reduce the DBP to the mid-80s and not lower. It may prove sensible to use an agent which effectively reverses LVH and improves coronary flow reserve: ACE inhibitors perform well in this respect.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1992
          1992
          14 November 2008
          : 81
          : 4-5
          : 283-290
          Affiliations
          Department of Cardiology, Royal Brompton National Heart and Chest Hospital, London, UK
          Article
          175818 Cardiology 1992;81:283–290
          10.1159/000175818
          1301256
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          LVH – A Suitable Case for Treatment

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