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      Sequestration of type VI collagen in the pericellular microenvironment of adult chondrocytes cultured in agarose

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      Osteoarthritis and Cartilage

      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          The chondron represents the chondrocyte and its pericellular microenvironment and plays an important role in the progression of osteoarthritis. Type VI collagen is preferentially localized in the pericellular microenvironment of adult articular cartilage and increases during osteoarthritis. In this study, we characterized the pericellular sequestration of type VI collagen in long-term chondrocyte-agarose cultures, and assessed the action of interleukin-1 on type VI collagen deposition and assembly. Immunohistochemical and biochemical analysis showed that cultured chondrocytes initiate type VI collagen sequestration immediately upon plating and continue pericellular matrix sequestration in a time dependent manner. Confocal microscopy confirmed the cell surface localization and pericellular accumulation of type VI collagen, while image analysis identified a 'cargo-net like' organization of type VI collagen around each chondrocyte. Quantitative analysis revealed a primary phase of rapid cell division and low levels of type VI collagen sequestration, followed by a secondary phase of relative growth stability and high levels of type VI collagen deposition. Interleukin-1 treated cultures showed increased sequestration and retention of type VI collagen in an expanded microenvironment surrounding the chondrocytes. The data suggests a role for type VI collagen in the differentiation of the pericellular microenvironment in vitro. The increased type VI collagen sequestration promoted by interleukin-1 was consistent with previous studies on osteoarthritic cartilage, and implies a functional role for type VI collagen in the chondron remodeling associated with cartilage degradation.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
          Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
          Elsevier BV
          10634584
          December 1996
          December 1996
          : 4
          : 4
          : 275-285
          Article
          10.1016/S1063-4584(05)80105-0
          11048624
          © 1996

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