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Application of analytical electron microscopy and FIB-SEM tomographic technique for phase analysis in as-cast Allvac 718Plus superalloy

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      Abstract

      The superalloys are usually used as structural material in jet engines due to their high-temperature stability and good endurance. Many components found in the hot-part of jet engines are of complex shape, therefore casting is utilized for to their production. One of the problems associated with the casting process of highly alloyed alloys, such as superalloys, is partitioning of alloying elements upon solidification. This segregation might lead to the formation of low melting temperature eutectics. Their presence in the material microstructure will have a negative effect on the weldability. Negative impact on weldability is one of the reasons why secondary phases should be avoided as microstructural elements in the welded materials. To eliminate such hazardous phases, the material should be subjected to a heat treatment with the aim of homogenizing the microstructure and chemical composition, which should enhance the weldability. The aim of this work was the application of analytical electron microscopy in combination with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy as well as tomographic techniques for qualitative and quantitative characterization of structural elements in as-cast Allvac 718Plus Ni-based superalloy subjected to later heat treatment. Alloy 718Plus is a newly developed superalloy in which the secondary Laves phase forms as a low-melting eutectic upon casting. The development of innovative materials for aeronautics and clean energy systems requires the use of modern research methods for structure characterization on the level from micro- to the nanoscale. The performed analysis, allowed identification of phases (Laves and η) occurring in interdendritic regions of as-cast Allvac 718Plus superalloy and analyzing their microstructure down to the atomic scale, which revealed their complex nature. The experiments and investigation show that advanced microscopic techniques and test methods in conjunction with tomographic techniques enable complementary information about solidified structures of the alloy to be obtained that can be useful for the understanding process of casting and welding of the Allvac 718Plus.

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      Application of analytical electron microscopy and FIB-SEM tomographic technique for phase analysis in as-cast Allvac 718Plus superalloy

       Adam Kruk (corresponding) ,  Grzegorz Cempura (2019)
      The superalloys are usually used as structural material in jet engines due to their high-temperature stability and good endurance. Many components found in the hot-part of jet engines are of complex shape, therefore casting is utilized for to their production. One of the problems associated with the casting process of highly alloyed alloys, such as superalloys, is partitioning of alloying elements upon solidification. This segregation might lead to the formation of low melting temperature eutectics. Their presence in the material microstructure will have a negative effect on the weldability. Negative impact on weldability is one of the reasons why secondary phases should be avoided as microstructural elements in the welded materials. To eliminate such hazardous phases, the material should be subjected to a heat treatment with the aim of homogenizing the microstructure and chemical composition, which should enhance the weldability. The aim of this work was the application of analytical electron microscopy in combination with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy as well as tomographic techniques for qualitative and quantitative characterization of structural elements in as-cast Allvac 718Plus Ni-based superalloy subjected to later heat treatment. Alloy 718Plus is a newly developed superalloy in which the secondary Laves phase forms as a low-melting eutectic upon casting. The development of innovative materials for aeronautics and clean energy systems requires the use of modern research methods for structure characterization on the level from micro- to the nanoscale. The performed analysis, allowed identification of phases (Laves and η) occurring in interdendritic regions of as-cast Allvac 718Plus superalloy and analyzing their microstructure down to the atomic scale, which revealed their complex nature. The experiments and investigation show that advanced microscopic techniques and test methods in conjunction with tomographic techniques enable complementary information about solidified structures of the alloy to be obtained that can be useful for the understanding process of casting and welding of the Allvac 718Plus.
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        Author and article information

        Affiliations
        1 AGH University of Science and Technology (AGH-UST), International Centre of Electron Microscopy for Materials Science and Faculty of Metals Engineering and Industrial Computer Science, Krakow, Poland
        Author notes
        [* ] Correspondence address, Professor Adam Kruk, AGH University of Science and Technology, Al. Mickiewicza 30, Kraków 30-059, Poland, Tel.: +48126172566, E-mail: kruczek@ 123456agh.edu.pl , Web: www.tem.agh.edu.pl
        Journal
        ijmr
        International Journal of Materials Research
        Carl Hanser Verlag
        1862-5282
        2195-8556
        9 January 2019
        : 110
        : 1
        : 3-10
        MK111678
        10.3139/146.111678
        © 2019, Carl Hanser Verlag, München
        Counts
        References: 20, Pages: 8
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