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      Prognostic Value of Echocardiography Compared to Other Clinical Findings

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          Abstract

          The prognostic significance of conventional clinical and echocardiographic data in patients referred to echocardiography was retrospectively analyzed. 456 patients (206 females and 250 males) were studied in the department of cardiology in a district hospital. Survival after 3 years was 64%. By multivariate analysis five factors contained independent, significant, prognostic information (hazard ratios for death are given in parentheses): left ventricular wall motion score index (WMI) ≤ 1.2 by echocardiography (2.5), status as inpatient (2.1), age > 65 years (1.7), clinical heart failure (1.9) and atrial fibrillation (1.5). A stepwise multivariate analysis was performed by entering variables into a model initially forced to contain information on age, hospitalization status, treatment of heart failure and heart rhythm. In this analysis, a poor WMI ( ≤ 1.2) and a dilated right ventricle contained further independent prognostic information. In conclusion, among conventional clinical and echocardiographic data, WMI was the most powerful predictor of long-term survival, and despite knowledge of major clinical features echocardiography provided further prognostic information.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1995
          1995
          19 November 2008
          : 86
          : 2
          : 157-162
          Affiliations
          Department of Medicine II, Municipal Hospital of Copenhagen, and UNI-C, Danish Computing Center for Research and Education, Aarhus, Denmark
          Article
          176863 Cardiology 1995;86:157–162
          10.1159/000176863
          7728807
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Non-Invasive and Diagnostic Cardiology

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