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      Thyroid Cancer in Patients with Hyperthyroidism

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          Objective: The coexistence of hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer is considered a rare event. With the aim of assessing the clinical relevance of this association, we have retrospectively analyzed the incidence of thyroid cancer in 425 hyperthyroid patients seen and treated by surgery in our institutions. Methods: Among these hyperthyroid patients, we observed 241 (56.7%) cases of multinodular toxic goiter, 120 (28.3%) of uninodular toxic goiter and 64 (15%) cases of Graves’ disease. Results: Thyroid cancer was diagnosed in 7 (1.65%) hyperthyroid patients. Histological examination revealed the presence of papillary carcinoma in 5 cases and follicular carcinoma in 2 cases. Neoplasia was detected in 4 patients with nodular toxic goiter and in 3 with uninodular toxic goiter. None of the patients with Graves’ disease had thyroid cancer. During the follow-up of 74 months (range 4–154), there were no deaths or any recurrences. Conclusion: Although the occurrence of thyroid cancer in hyperthyroid patients is a rare event, the presence of a ‘cold’ nodule in a hyperfunctioning thyroid should be carefully evaluated to exclude the presence of concurrent malignancy.

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          Multicentre study of thyroid nodules in patients with Graves' disease.

          The association of Graves' disease with thyroid nodules and thyroid carcinoma is rarely reported. The incidence seems to be increasing according to recent literature. The aim of this multicentre study was to review patients who had surgery for Graves' disease associated with thyroid nodules, and to evaluate the risk of thyroid carcinoma. A retrospective study was made of 557 consecutive patients who underwent operation for Graves' disease between 1991 and 1997 in five endocrine surgery departments. Each patient underwent clinical, biochemical, ultrasonographic and scintigraphic evaluation. None of the patients had had previous radioactive iodine therapy or external irradiation. Surgery consisted of either a subtotal or total thyroidectomy. Nodules were observed before operation in 140 patients (25.1 per cent). Thyroid carcinoma was diagnosed in 21 patients (15.0 per cent), always inside a nodule. The incidence of thyroid carcinoma associated with Graves' disease was 3.8 per cent (21 of 557 patients): 20 papillary and one follicular carcinoma. The carcinoma was multifocal in two patients. Tumour diameter ranged from 2 to 25 mm. A nodule was palpable in four patients. This multicentre study of patients having thyroidectomy for Graves' disease showed that 3.8 per cent had a carcinoma; the rate of carcinoma in cold nodules was 15.0 per cent. Surgery should be advised in any patient with Graves' disease and a thyroid nodule; the operation should be total thyroidectomy.
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            Application of an immunodiagnostic method for improving preoperative diagnosis of nodular thyroid lesions

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              Does Graves' disease or thyrotoxicosis affect the prognosis of thyroid cancer


                Author and article information

                Horm Res Paediatr
                Hormone Research in Paediatrics
                S. Karger AG
                31 July 2003
                : 60
                : 2
                : 79-83
                Departments of aSurgery ‘Pietro Valdoni’ and bClinical Science, University of Rome ‘La Sapienza’, Rome, Italy
                71875 Horm Res 2003;60:79–83
                © 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel

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                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 2, References: 22, Pages: 5
                Original Paper


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