Introduction: Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is rare and usually symptomatic in children. There is no approved medication to lower serum calcium levels in this patient group. Denosumab is used in adult patients with osteoporosis and hyperparathyroidism. To our knowledge, only 1 case of denosumab treatment in a child with severe PHPT has been reported to date. Case Presentation: A 16-year-old female was referred to our clinic with symptoms including pathologic fractures, nausea, emesis, and progressive weight loss. At admission, her serum total calcium was 4.17 mmol/L (reference range 2.15–2.55), parathyroid hormone 2,151 pg/mL (15–65), and phosphate 1.07 mmol/L (1.45–1.78). Due to potentially life-threatening hypercalcemia, denosumab 60 mg subcutaneously was administered after obtaining informed consent. Serum calcium levels were reduced within 12 h of injection and the patient’s condition rapidly improved, which allowed genetic testing to be done prior to surgery. A heterozygous mutation in the CDC73 gene was revealed, and a parathyroidectomy was performed on day 22 after denosumab administration. Morphological examination revealed solitary parathyroid adenoma. After surgery, hypocalcemia developed requiring high doses of alfacalcidol and calcium supplements. Conclusion: Our case supports the previous observations in adults that denosumab can be safely and effectively used as a preoperative treatment in patients with PHPT and severe hypercalcemia and shows that it may be used in pediatric patients.