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Suplementação com gordura protegida para vacas de corte desmamadas precocemente mantidas em pastagem natural Translated title: Protected fat supplementation for early weaned beef cows maintained in nature pasture

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      Abstract

      Avaliaram-se os desempenhos produtivo e reprodutivo de vacas de corte, bem como o desempenho de seus bezerros, de acordo com os tratamentos alimentares: PRE: suplementação com gordura protegida (GP) 45 dias antes do parto; PREPOS: suplementação com GP 45 dias antes do parto e 63 dias pós-parto; POS: suplementação com GP 63 dias pós-parto; PN: sem suplementação. O desempenho produtivo das vacas não foi influenciado pelo manejo alimentar (P>0,05), exceto para o escore da condição corporal (ECC) no final do período de acasalamento, que foi mais baixo para as vacas do PRE e do PREPOS, sendo que esta última apresentou ECC semelhante ao das vacas do POS e do PN. O intervalo entre partos foi menor para as vacas do tratamento PREPOS - 376 dias -, não diferindo das vacas do PN - 383 dias. As vacas do PREPOS desmamaram 4,4% mais quilos de bezerro para cada 100kg de vaca ao parto - 22,6kg - do que as vacas do PRE e do POS - 21,6kg e 21,6kg, respectivamente - e 8,4% mais quilos de bezerro para cada 100kg de vaca ao parto do que as vacas mantidas em pastagem nativa - 20,7kg. A suplementação com gordura protegida durante os períodos pré e/ou pós-parto não afeta o desempenho de vacas e bezerros.

      Translated abstract

      The objective of this work was to evaluate the productive and reproductive performance of beef cows, as well as the performance of their calves according to the following dietary treatments: PRE: supplemented with protected fat (PF) during 45 days prepartum; PREPOS: supplemented with PF during 45 days prepartum and 63 days postpartum; POS: supplemented with PF during 63 days postpartum; PN: without supplementation. The productive performance of cows was not influenced by feed management (P>0.05), except for body condition score (BCS), which was lower for PRE and PREPOS cows at the end of mating season, with the latter cows having similar BCS POS and PN. The calving interval (CI) was shorter for cows supplemented in PREPOS - 376 days -, and did not differ in cows maintained in PN - 383 days. Supplemented PREPOS cows weaned 4.4% more pounds of calf per 100kg of cow at calving - 22.6kg - than the PRE and POS cows - 21.6kg and 21.6kg, respectively - and 8,4% more pounds of calf per 100 of cow at calving than the cows maintained in native pasture - 20.7kg. The fat protected supplementation during pre and/or postpartum periods did not affect the performance of cows and calves.

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      Most cited references 51

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      Nutrient requirements of beef cattle

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        Fat in lactation rations: review.

        Recent research has demonstrated the effectiveness of added fat in diets to maintain milk production and fat percent. Much of the earlier work which indicated that fat affects digestion negatively may not be applicable because of great differences in the nature of diets and fats fed and especially in total feed intake. Nevertheless, much remains to be learned about interactions of fat, fiber, calcium, and rumen microorganisms if feeding of fat is to be maximized. The uniquely high acidity in the duodenum combined with detergent action of bile acids, lysolecithin, and fatty acids causes saturated fatty acids to be more digestible in ruminants than in nonruminants. Large quantities of added dietary fat increase concentrations in plasma of very low density lipoprotein triglyceride which increases their uptake by the mammary gland with inhibition of short chain fatty acid synthesis and consequent changes in milk fatty acid composition. In some cases, secretion of milk fat is increased. Current research and practice demonstrate that 3 to 5% fat may be added to diets for lactation to increase energy intake of high-producing cows and/or to reduce starch feeding, thereby increasing the ratio of forage to concentrate to prevent depression of milk fat.
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          NUTRIENTS requeriments of beef cattle

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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ] Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Brazil
            [2 ] Universidade Federal de Goiás Brazil
            [3 ] Universidade Estadual Paulista Brazil
            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Journal
            abmvz
            Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
            Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
            Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Veterinária (Belo Horizonte )
            1678-4162
            June 2014
            : 66
            : 3
            : 809-817
            S0102-09352014000300809 10.1590/1678-41625366

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Product
            Product Information: SciELO Brazil
            Categories
            VETERINARY SCIENCES

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