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      Propriedades psicométricas do Maslach Burnout Inventory em uma amostra multifuncional Translated title: Psychometrics properties of Maslach Burnout Inventory in a multifunctional sample

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          Abstract

          Este artigo analisa as características psicométricas (fidedignidade e validade de construto) do Inventário de Burnout de Maslach - Human Services Survey - projetado para avaliar a síndrome de Burnout em trabalhadores - em uma amostra brasileira de 655 trabalhadores. A análise fatorial identificou três fatores correlatos às três dimensões originalmente identificadas pelo inventário: exaustão emocional, despersonalização e baixa realização profissional. Os três fatores explicaram 55,69% da variância total das respostas dos sujeitos. Todos eles alcançaram um nível satisfatório de consistência interna, podendo o fator 1 (exaustão emocional) e o fator 2 (baixa realização profissional) funcionar independentemente. O fator 3 (despersonalização), por ter alcançado um nível de consistência interna inferior a 0,80, não apresentou poder explicativo como escala independente. No entanto, a subescala contribui de forma explicativa para a compreensão da configuração de Burnout em trabalhadores.

          Translated abstract

          The Maslach Burnout Inventory was projected to evaluate the Burnout Syndrome in workers. This article analyses the psychometric characteristics (reliability and construct validity) of the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey in a sample of 655 Brazilian workers. The factorial analysis identified three factors: Emotional Exhaustion, Low Professional Accomplishment, and Depersonalization. These three factors explained 55,69% of the total variation of the subject's answers. All of them have reached a satisfactory level of internal consistency, considering that the first Factor (Emotional Exhaustion) and the second (Low Professional Accomplishment) could function independently. Factor 3 (depersonalization), as its internal consistency was under .80, can not be considered as independent scale. However, this sub-scale contributes in an explanatory way to the comprehension about the Burnout Syndrome configuration in workers.

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          Relação entre a síndrome de burnout e os valores organizacionais no pessoal de enfermagem de dois hospitais públicos

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            The Maslach Burnout Inventory: Testing for factorial validity and invariance across elementary, intermediate and secondary teachers

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              Factorial validity of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-HSS) among Spanish professionals

              OBJECTIVE: To assess the factorial validity and internal consistency of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-HSS). METHODS: In a sample consisting of 705 Spanish professionals from diverse occupational sectors (health, education, police and so one), seven plausible factorial models hypothesized were compared using LISREL 8. RESULTS: The four-factor oblique solution and the three-factor oblique solution showed the best and similar fit. Deletion of Item 12 and Item 16, taking into consideration the suggestions in the manual, improved the goodness of fit for both models. The four-factor oblique model suggests that, in addition to Emotional Exhaustion (EE) and Depersonalization (DP), Personal Accomplishment (PA) consists of two components labeled here Self-Competence (Items 4, 7, 17, and 21) and the Existential Component (Items 9, 12, 18, and 19). However, the alpha coefficient was relatively low for the Self-Competence component, suggesting that it is more suitable to estimate the syndrome as a threedimensional construct. The Cronbach's alpha was satisfactory for PA (alpha =.71) and EE (alpha =.85), and moderate for DP (alpha =.58). CONCLUSIONS: The results show that the MBI-HSS offers factorial validity and its scales present internal consistency to evaluate the quality of working life for Spanish professionals.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                epc
                Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas)
                Estud. psicol. (Campinas)
                PUC-Campinas (Campinas )
                0103-166X
                September 2007
                : 24
                : 3
                : 325-332
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade Luterana do Brasil Brazil
                Article
                S0103-166X2007000300004
                10.1590/S0103-166X2007000300004

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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