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      EFECTOS URBANOS DE LA CONSTRUCCIÓN DEL PARQUE LINEAL Y CICLOVÍA POCURO, EN SANTIAGO Translated title: URBAN EFFECTS OF THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE POCURO LINEAR PARK AND CYCLE PATH, IN SANTIAGO

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          Abstract

          RESUMEN: Se presenta una evaluación de los efectos en la actividad inmobiliaria en la vitalidad urbana y en los precios del suelo de la transformación del perfil de la calle Pocuro (oriente de Santiago), donde se construyó, en 1997, un parque lineal de casi 1.5 kilómetros, con una ciclovía y un área de caminata. Para ello se expone un catastro de las construcciones levantadas sobre la calle desde 1960 a la fecha, un conteo de personas que han ocupado la calle y entrevistas a locatarios de la misma. Los resultados muestran un alza de 223% en los metros cuadrados construidos en últimos veinte años respecto del período anterior, además de un uso intenso y diverso de la calle. Tanto la actividad inmobiliaria como el intenso uso de la calle resulta valorado positivamente por los locatarios. Finalmente, se detecta que el pago de permisos de edificación ha logrado cubrir el 98.5% de lo invertido originalmente por el municipio, lo que revela que este tipo de inversiones puede ser altamente rentable para las municipalidades.

          Translated abstract

          ABSTRACT: The effects of property development on urban vitality and on the land prices from the transformation of the profile of Pocuro Ave. (eastern Santiago), where a linear park of almost 1.5 kilometers was built in 1997, with a cycle path and promenade, are evaluated. A list of the constructions built on the street from 1960 to the present date was made, along with a count of the people who used the street and interviews with the store keepers there. The results show a 223% increase in the m2 built in the last 20 years compared to the previous period, as well as an intensive and diverse use of the street. Both the real-estate activity and the intensive use of the street were positively valued by the store keepers. Finally, it is detected that the payment of building permits has managed to cover 98.5% of what was originally invested by the council, revealing that this type of investment can be highly profitable for councils.

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          Most cited references 21

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          From Managerialism to Entrepreneurialism: The Transformation in Urban Governance in Late Capitalism

           David Harvey (1989)
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            Motility: mobility as capital

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              Association between active commuting and incident cardiovascular disease, cancer, and mortality: prospective cohort study.

              Objective To investigate the association between active commuting and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, and all cause mortality.Design Prospective population based study. Setting UK Biobank.Participants 263 450 participants (106 674 (52%) women; mean age 52.6), recruited from 22 sites across the UK. The exposure variable was the mode of transport used (walking, cycling, mixed mode v non-active (car or public transport)) to commute to and from work on a typical day.Main outcome measures Incident (fatal and non-fatal) CVD and cancer, and deaths from CVD, cancer, or any causes.Results 2430 participants died (496 were related to CVD and 1126 to cancer) over a median of 5.0 years (interquartile range 4.3-5.5) follow-up. There were 3748 cancer and 1110 CVD events. In maximally adjusted models, commuting by cycle and by mixed mode including cycling were associated with lower risk of all cause mortality (cycling hazard ratio 0.59, 95% confidence interval 0.42 to 0.83, P=0.002; mixed mode cycling 0.76, 0.58 to 1.00, P<0.05), cancer incidence (cycling 0.55, 0.44 to 0.69, P<0.001; mixed mode cycling 0.64, 0.45 to 0.91, P=0.01), and cancer mortality (cycling 0.60, 0.40 to 0.90, P=0.01; mixed mode cycling 0.68, 0.57 to 0.81, P<0.001). Commuting by cycling and walking were associated with a lower risk of CVD incidence (cycling 0.54, 0.33 to 0.88, P=0.01; walking 0.73, 0.54 to 0.99, P=0.04) and CVD mortality (cycling 0.48, 0.25 to 0.92, P=0.03; walking 0.64, 0.45 to 0.91, P=0.01). No statistically significant associations were observed for walking commuting and all cause mortality or cancer outcomes. Mixed mode commuting including walking was not noticeably associated with any of the measured outcomes.Conclusions Cycle commuting was associated with a lower risk of CVD, cancer, and all cause mortality. Walking commuting was associated with a lower risk of CVD independent of major measured confounding factors. Initiatives to encourage and support active commuting could reduce risk of death and the burden of important chronic conditions.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                urbano
                Urbano (Concepción)
                Urbano (Concepc.)
                Universidad del Bío - Bío. Facultad de Arquitectura Construcción y Diseño. (Concepción, , Chile )
                0717-3997
                0718-3607
                May 2020
                : 23
                : 41
                : 166-183
                Affiliations
                orgnameAsociación Chilena de Seguridad Subgerente de Datos y Visualización vrocco.c@ 123456icloud.com
                Santiago de Chile orgnameUniversidad de Chile orgdiv1Departamento de Urbanismo orgdiv2Facultad de Arquitectura y Urbanismo Chile rodrigomora@ 123456uchile.cl
                Article
                S0718-36072020000100166 S0718-3607(20)02304100166
                10.22320/07183607.2020.23.41.09

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 43, Pages: 18
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