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      Adult Microvascular Disturbances as a Result of Juvenile Onset Diabetes in Db/Db Mice

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      Journal of Vascular Research

      S. Karger AG

      Blood flow, Diabets, Arterioles, Capillaries

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          Abstract

          The arterioles in the cremaster muscle of 8 to 10-week-old Ob/Ob, Db/Db and stroptozotocin diabetic mice are characterized by a decreased number of arterioles, loss of vascular tone and a reduced cross-sectional area of the vessel walls. The present study was designed to determine if these abnormalities persist to adult life or if additional abnormalities develop to cause vascular dysfunction. The diameters, wall thickness to lumen ratios and vessel wall areas of comparable types of innervated arterioles in 24- to 28-week-old normal and Db/Db mice are equivalent, except that the smallest arterioles of Db/Db have thin vessel walls. However, blood flow at rest is only 3.0 ± 0.9 ml/min/100 g of cremasteric muscle tissue in Db/Db mice as compared to 5.5 ± 1.3 ml/min/100 g in normal mice. After all vascular control is abolished, the arterioles of Db/Db dilated, but significantly (p < 0.05) less than in normal animals. The minimum distance between adjacent capillaries (wall to wall) during the passive state was 28 ± 1.7 µm in Db/Db mice and 21.8 ± 0.6 µm in normal mice; this indicates a major decrease of vascularity in the adult Db/Db mouse. The results obtained indicate that the reduction in numbers of arterioles and loss of vascular tone in juvenile diabetic mice persists to adult life but arteriolar wall characteristics become normal in adult life.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1979
          1979
          19 September 2008
          : 16
          : 5
          : 269-276
          Affiliations
          Department of Physiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Ind.
          Article
          158215 Blood Vessels 1979;16:269–276
          10.1159/000158215
          © 1979 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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