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      An improved method for the determination of islet amyloid polypeptide levels in plasma.

      Annals of Clinical Biochemistry

      Radioimmunoassay, blood, C-Peptide, Cross Reactions, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1, Amyloid, Glucagon, pharmacology, Humans, Injections, Intravenous, Islet Amyloid Polypeptide, Islets of Langerhans, drug effects

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          We describe an improved method for the determination of islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) levels in plasma. Plasma is first extracted with acid-acetone, followed by a specific and sensitive radioimmunoassay (RIA) for IAPP using rabbit-anti-human-IAPP serum. Recovery of synthetic IAPP from plasma was 82 +/- 6% (n = 16). Standard samples, prepared in 'hormone-free' serum, were also extracted with acid-acetone. Displacement curves of serially diluted acid-acetone extracted plasma samples were parallel to the standard curve. The lower detection limit of the RIA was 2.3 +/- 0.1 fmol/sample (n = 5). Intra-assay variations for IAPP concentrations of 4, 17 and 32 pM were 16.3% (n = 10), 9.2% (n = 10) and 6.2% (n = 10); interassay variations were 35.9% (n = 14), 19.9% (n = 15) and 15.4% (n = 15), respectively. Non-stimulated IAPP levels ranged from 2.4 to 12 pM (mean 6 +/- 4 pM, n = 10) in healthy control subjects. IAPP was not detectable in type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients before and after glucagon administration. In type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetic patients basal levels ranged from 2.2 to 14.5 pM and glucagon-stimulated levels ranged from 2.2 to 38.9 pM. The increase in IAPP varied from 0 to 24.4 pM. The anti-human-IAPP serum had full cross-reactivity with rat IAPP (= mouse IAPP). Transgenic mice overexpressing the human IAPP gene showed elevated plasma IAPP levels as compared to (non-transgenic) control mice. It is concluded that the method presented for the determination of IAPP in plasma is reliable and easy to perform, yielding reproducible results.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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