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      Expression of kininogen, kallikrein and kinin receptor genes by rat cardiomyocytes.

      Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
      Animals, Cells, Cultured, Cyclic AMP, pharmacology, Cytokines, DNA, Complementary, metabolism, Gene Expression, Heart Ventricles, Kallikreins, genetics, Kininogens, Lipopolysaccharides, Male, Myocardium, RNA, Messenger, analysis, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Receptors, Bradykinin, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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          To ascertain the existence of the kallikrein-kinin system in the heart, we have studied in vivo and in vitro whether rat cardiac tissue expresses kininogen, kallikrein and kinin receptor mRNAs. The reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction demonstrated that the ventricular myocardium of adult male rats expressed mRNAs for T- and low-molecular-weight (L-) kininogens, tissue kallikreins such as true kallikrein and T-kininogenase, and bradykinin B2 receptor, but not those for high-molecular-weight kininogen and B1 receptor. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 0.5 mg/kg, i.v.) increased the levels of mRNA for T-kininogen at 12 h and the bradykinin B1 receptor at 24 h without affecting that for other components. All of these mRNAs for the kallikrein-kinin system were also detected in cultured cardiomyocytes derived from neonatal rat ventricles; dibutyryl cyclic AMP, LPS or inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor, up-regulated mRNA expression of T-kininogen, T-kininogenase, or B1 receptor in these cells in vitro. These results suggest that there are two kinin-generating systems in rat myocardium comprising T-kininogen/T-kininogenase and L-kininogen/true kallikrein respectively, and that the former may be relatively important in inflammatory diseases or conditions in which cAMP levels increase in cardiomyocytes.

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